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Utilitarianism and Kantian Ethics

Choose any theme that came up in our class and explore it in greater depth.

The theme could consist in exploring in greater depth one of our “official” topics, for instance one of the ethical theories, questions around the meaning of life, etc.

Or you may want to focus on a specific issue that came up in our discussions, for example the problems surrounding the issue of lying.

Reflect on how issues and themes of this class conn

Kyesha Howard

Ethics: Values and Meaning

Instructor Heter

10 September 2022

Utilitarianism and Kantian Ethics

Can you imagine being faced with two diverse types of mind decisions that can affect people in the world. You have a choice of which one is a right decision or a wrong decision but whatever decision you make can affect a person's life forever. There are two theories that are to be believed for a moral principle, what is the best way to come of that outcome of a moral judgement.

Utilitarianism may be defined as the right decision of what produces the greatest amount of happiness for the greatest amount of humans. Utilitarianism can be believed that humans only have two different motivations: pain and happiness. This type of person will want happiness for themselves then to endure pain. This action is called a consequentialist theory, meaning even if it is right, it solely depends on the consequences of the actions. This theory involves using people and sacrificing lives for the greater good. It justifies punishing innocent people for the importance of a good outcome. Utilitarianism considers that the good of a action or decision can be located by its moral goodness in the feeling of human beings in order to bring happiness and pleasure to the majority. This theory morally brings happiness and pleasure the person that is doing the action or making the decision and to others. In other words, if the action or decision makes more people benefit from this action or decision then it is strongly considered very ethical.

Kantian ethics, it values every individual person, rather than what the majority thinks. This theory belongs to what is called a deontological theory. Deontological theories are those that focus on ethics involving any responsibility, moral duties, and any commitments. Immanuel Kant (1724-1804) described that duty, goodw

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