Independence of India
Independence of India
The country is a constitutional republic covering a large area in South Asia with a great diversity in population and beliefs. According to Maclean, the country was under British rule, and direct administration by the British began in 1858, affecting its political and economic spheres. In the 18th century, the country was under the East India Company, an enterprise stated to be violent and aggressive towards Indians. The British government supported this. This led to the Indian Mutiny led by Indian armies under the company that was not successful. This led to the direct control of the country by Britain until its independence. That said, it was not a bed of roses for the Indians during the British rule, and thus their treatment evoked a voice for independence achieved on August 15, 1947.
Before the eventual British rule of India, the country was under the East India Trade Company, making the country one of the wealthiest of the time. However, even with this prosperity, it was not easy for the natives. The company developed its army and eventually started taxing Indians in all territories they could lay their hands on. The Indian Mutiny, an uprising of the East India Company by its army of Indian natives, made the company weak, giving the British government a chance to take over. The main reasons for the British colonization of India included cheap labor, raw materials like jute and cotton, and the excellent trade-in opium. All these were seen as a source of wealth for the British government. The Indians lacked any say in the government, which led to the formation of the Indian National Congress that they hoped would help them convey their feelings.
Imperialism and Racism.
British rule in India was marred by imperialism and racism. During their stay in India, the British looked at India and its natives as a source of wealth and thus determined how much wealth would be accumulated at the expense of the Indians. First, to control the growing population, they determined who got health care and why. So many Indians, especially the old that was thought not to be valid, did not receive healthcare. Most of the British set laws were racists in nature, painting a picture of the Britons as superior and the Indians as inferior. This was in a bid to make the Indians believe they were naturally meant to work for the British Empire. According to Gupta, the British sought physical differences to rule Indians because they thought it would be hard to engage cultural differences deemed second to racial disparities. Farhat advances that the British rule in India was characterized by racism because the British had a severe conviction that they were the best and above everyone. Many of the Indians that resisted such ruthless racist laws and oppression were killed. Farhat 2020 continues to state that the British Raj suffocated the Indian economy and killed millions of Indians. These are some of the reasons that lead to the various uprisings and movements that later led to India's independence.
The effects of British rule in India
The British government swindled India’s wealth and imposed taxes on the people, which led to strikes and peaceful protests because of the hunger and poverty that had eaten the natives. There was malnutrition because of enthusiasm and the break out of diseases. The Indian culture was trampled, there was economic exploitation as all the riches and raw materials were taken to Britain without the natives benefiting. During the period, the British government ensured that the British colony had a political advantage and all programs aimed at enforcing a sense of social and racial inferiority among the Indians. Many Indians were affected psychologically, with some br