11 pages/≈3025 words
Brief Therapy and Family Therapy (Scholarship Essay Sample)
The paper is about response to therapy.Thus it focuses on pathology and concentrate on strengths pattern’s in an individuals environment reactions to his or her body which are to be discern normal given the circumstances.source..
Blanket Therapy: Response-based therapy, Brief Therapy and Family Therapy
It has been documented by many researches that various forms of adversity are at the heart of many mental illnesses. Indeed, even the term mental health recasts a social problem as a psychological and medical one. So, as would be expected, people addressing multiple forms of adversity, poverty and disability and social exclusion adversity, for instance, are likely than others to seek, or be sent to mental health services. While violence is the most common experience for people with severe and long-term mental illnesses, it is far the only adversity at issue. This can be addressed through open dialogue. Open dialogue is a crucial factor in addressing mental challenges as stipulated by Tom Anderson, Harry Goolishian, Sheila McNamee and Paul Watzlawick among others. In this paper, a psychotherapy based on three psychotherapies (family therapy, response-based therapy and brief therapy) is developed. The therapy under development has been anchored on the three mentioned therapies because they focus more on empowering the individual. They focus less on pathology and concentrate on strengths patternâ€™s in oneâ€™s environment which cause responses in the body (anxiety, depression and physical symptoms) that are considered normal given the circumstances. The concept of open dialogue and the principles of the family therapy, response-based therapy and brief therapy will be employed in the development of the said psychotherapy.
Family Systems Therapy
Family therapy, according to Broderick and Schrader (1991), refers to a branch of psychotherapy that works with couples in intimate relationships and families in order to nurture change and development. This therapy is anchored on family relationships, which is regarded as the foundation of psychological health. Family therapy views change as systems of interaction among members of the same family: family of the clients is actively involved in the therapy session. This theory focuses on couples and families in intimate relationships, and it endeavors to nurture change and development (Sholevar, 2003). As such, this stresses on family relationships as a pivotal factor in psychological health.
Proponents of this theory hold a general view that a problem affecting an individual, irrespective of its origin, can be effectively addressed by involving clientâ€™s family in problem solving (Sholevar, 2003). This concept is achieved by directly involving the family members of the patient in the therapy sessions. The family therapist capitalizes on the availability of the clientâ€™s family members to influence conversations in a manner that boosts wisdom and strengths, and support of a larger system. This therapy employs a variety of counseling techniques. Structural therapy is one technique. In this technique, family therapists not only identify the family organization of the family system, but also reorder it to suite the clientâ€™s needs. Strategic therapy, on the other hand, explores patterns of interaction between family members.
In addition, systematic therapy concentrates on the belief systems of the family while transgenerational therapy examines unnecessary patterns of behavior and belief. Moreover, narrative therapy is employed by family therapists to separate the problem from the client/patient. The number of sessions involved in family systems therapy varies depending on the situation at hand. In essence, the family therapists champion the strengths, support and wisdom of the wider system.
In fact, Bowlby (1949) contends that a family therapy helps to resolve the tension that may exist among different members of the family in question. The total family structure is put into consideration. Routledge (2011) gives a detailed evaluation of Bowlbyâ€™s contention. Routledge emphasizes Bowlbyâ€™s view that the problems that individuals face are not in them, but the tensions between them. Family therapy thus helps such people to live together and at the same time reduce tensions that could be driving them apart. Change in one family member, according to Bowlby (1949), triggers social change of other family members. Family therapy is an effective psychotherapy, and its application will help restore the homogeneity that is expected in a family or relationship. This therapy is vital because it helps in solving the problem of one troubled individual, and at the same time restores the well-being of the whole family.
On average, the sessions may range from 5 to 20 (Sholevar, 2003). During these sessions, a family therapist meets various members of the family at the same time. This approach enables the family therapist to discover how different members of the family view mutual relations and at the same time evaluate the interactions patterns existing between the different family members and clients. Such interactions reflect the habitual interaction patterns at home, and they assist the therapist to be incorporated in the family system. It is essential to note that family therapy concentrates on relationship patterns and not the analysis of impulses of the unconscious mind. Family system therapyâ€™s main outstanding feature is its perspective and analytical framework(Sholevar, 2003). As such, family therapists are mainly relational therapists meaning that they do not focus on what goes on within individuals, but rather what goes on between those individuals. Family therapistsâ€™ goals are to the solve problems at hand instead of focusing on a single cause. Family therapists hold the opinion that focuses on causation by families has minimal clinical significance. In addition, family therapists employ a circular approach of problem solving and not a linear approach. The circular approach to problem solving is exceptionally useful because it helps family members identify patterns of behavior, their causes, and the interventions required(Sholevar, 2003).
Brief therapy has different meanings to different authors, but one thing is clear: it is an umbrella term that encompasses a variety of psychotherapies. Weakland, Fisch, Watzlawick, and Bodin (1984) view of this therapy focus on the current observable behavioral interaction, with the aim to alter the going system. This therapy was developed as a response to patient needs, as well as situational limitations. In essence, brief therapy encompasses brief versions of family and conventional therapies. It is essential to note that the same basic principles (assumptions and methods) of conventional and family therapies are involved, only that they are brief. This therapy, according to Weakland et al. (1984), comes in handy when the preferred therapy is unavailable or not feasible.
Generally, best therapy calls for time, finances, persistence, intelligence and verbal sophistication. In line with this, the goals of brief therapy and conceptualized as first aid; it offers relief from the some pressing aspects of the patientâ€™s problem, but fundamental ones are not handled. It can also be seen as a holding action as the patient awaits the correct/best therapy. Weakland et al. (1984) acknowledge the economical and practical advantages of shortening treatment with respect to the patient and society. Setting time limits, according to these authors, has a positive impact not only on patients, but also therapists. To them, the kinds of problems that patients bring to therapists are maintained by an ongoing behavior of the patient and his or her associates. As such, if such problem-maintaining behavior is eliminated or changed appropriately, the problem is likely to vanish or be resolved, irrespective of its nature, duration and origin. Weakland et al.â€™s (1984) definition of brief therapy focuses on two aspects of family therapy. Weakland et al. (1984) argue that, in the past, family therapists focused on the attention of observable behavioral interaction as well as its influence, among and between the patient and their family members and therapists, and not on inferred mental processes of individuals or long past events.
Owing to this, we now see difficult, disturbed or deviant behavior in an individual as a social phenomenon that occurs as one aspect of the system, and it mirrors a dysfunction in that system. This, according to Weakland et al. (1984), can be erased by modifying that system. However, Weakland et al. (1984) disagree with family therapists who hold the opinion that the dysfunction is a fundamental aspect of the systemâ€™s organization and that it can only be alleviated by fundamental changes in the system. On the contrary, these authors contend that minor changes in overt behavior or its labeling results in significant progressive developments. In addition, according to Weakland et al. (1984), symptomatic behavior has some pay-offs: provides leverage in controlling relationships. Family therapy has widened the scope of therapists in that once family is recognized as a significant cause of a problem, it is paramount to change the going system. Therefore, the therapistâ€™s primary role is to take deliberates action to change poorly functioning patterns; this can be made efficient, effective and powerful. Brief therapy designed by Weakland et al. (1984) agrees with the crisis intervention model of family therapy, which stresses on situational change for the onset of problems, as well as directive measures and negotiation of conflicts as a means of promoting better understanding in family systems.
This therapy is the latest psychotherapeutic approach in the management of psychological trauma that stems from violence. This concept is based on the notion that whenever people are treated badly, they tend to resist (Wade, 1997). R...
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