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5 pages/≈1375 words
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Harvard
Subject:
Law
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Annotated Bibliography
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English (U.S.)
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Topic:

Annotated Bibliography on Organized Crime & Gangs (Annotated Bibliography Sample)

Instructions:

Topic:Annotated Bibliography on Organized Crime & Gangs In this paper i was required to write an annotated bibliography of nine sources that reflects on the subject matter.

source..
Content:

Annotated Bibliography on Organized Crime & Gangs
Name
Course
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Annotated Bibliography on Organized Crime & Gangs
Robert J. Bunker, 2013. Introduction: the Mexican cartels—organized crime Vs. criminal insurgency . Trends Organ Crim (2013) 16: pp. 129–137.
The study examines the insurgence of organized criminal gangs in Mexico, which has escalated to high level since its onset in the late 1980s. It stresses on the issue that criminal gangs have developed from formally drug trafficking cartels and now posing some serious security threats to the country. The study appears to be very relevant for the academic researches on the issue of crime in the region and useful for security intelligence agents who seek to study and understand the criminal situation in the country. The author has critically explained how the gangs in the Mexico have aligned themselves with certain duties of ether organized criminals or criminal insurgence and further differentiated the two entities on their levels of intensities. The study forms a strong base for my research because of its relevant subject matter.
This study has presented a unique history of how organized crimes have developed, based on modernist and post-modernist views and this emerges useful for the understanding of the transformation. In the compilation of the report, the author has incorporated a peer review of six articles from several high profiled authors ranging from academic, military, policy, and security consulting who are familiar with investigative reporting backgrounds. The author himself has done researches and written several articles related to the same subject matter hence strengthening his credibility. The report is therefore sufficient for the understanding of how organized criminal gangs have sprung from drug organizations and now focused on more terrorizing criminal groups that have become a nightmare for the government security agents.
Hobbs .D. and Antonopoulos .A. G. 2013. ‘Endemic to the species’: Ordering the ‘other’ via organized crime. Global crime, 14:1, pp. 27-51
According to the report, the America is responsible for the establishment of the concept, ‘organized crime’, which the government invented for the sole purpose of combating drug cartels, who are more linked to it, all over the world. This work is suitable for researchers and teaching purposes on the subject matter pertaining to the insurgence of organized gangs all over the world. The report appears to be relevant for my research because of its clear account of how criminal gangs in major cities of the world have developed over years to the extent of organized gangs. The study have included the idea of two theories, ethnic succession and alien conspiracy in trying to represent the concept of organized crime and this creates a room for more debate necessary for the expansion of the research. The author of the report is a professor of sociology in several universities including University of Western Sydney and Essex University. The author believes that the growth of drug trafficking in the world is responsible for the rise of organized crime and though it is linked to the US government policy for extending their presents in the world, it is a serious thing, which should be addressed.
Nathan Jones, 2013. The unintended consequences of kingpin strategies: kidnap rates and the Arellano-Félix Organization. Trends Organ Crim (2013) 16: pp. 156–176
The report has focused on the strategies used by the US and Mexican governments in combating drug trafficking through targeting the top most leaders in the illicit trade. It goes further to address the unintended consequences that come about as a result of the war between governments and drug dealers, which include criminal insurgence such as kidnappings and homicides. The information provided by the study is of great help for security agencies in the understanding of various strategies and their societal consequences when dealing with organized crimes and specifically the kingpin strategies. The study provide various understanding on how organized criminals react back to law enforcers’ initiatives to fight them. It elaborates that drug gangs initiate criminal acts as dispute resolution mechanisms, and consequently terrorizing the whole society. The report brought to light, the idea of kidnappings, which are widely used by organized criminals as a retaliatory mechanism for those fighting them, and as a result committing more crimes. The author is a well-published researcher whose credibility has helped him, financed to undertake major researches for big organizations such as the Institute for Global Conflict and Cooperation. The research is very suitable for my research as it gives a clear conscious of how organized criminal gangs respond to programs meant to en...
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