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The Understanding and Planning for Health Promotion (Annotated Bibliography Sample)


This paper summarized various sources that would aid in the understanding and planning for health promotion.


< Health Planning and Evaluation >
< Lecturer’s Name and Course Number>
Health promotion is a process that enables individuals to improve and increase control over their health. This paper summarizes various sources that will aid in the understanding and planning for health promotion.
Dakubo, C.Y., 2010. Ecosystems and human health: a critical approach to Eco health research and practice. Springer Science & Business Media.
In Chapter 5 of Ecosystems and human health: a critical approach to Eco health research and practice, Dakubo (2014) explores the main events that caused ecosystem perspectives to public health practice, thinking, and research to emerge. This chapter explores milestones in 3 major fields which caused the ecosystem approach. The three areas are the old public health, the new public health, and the critical new public health. The chapter shows how the phases associated with the biomedical approach to health and indicates how the phases related to dominant forms of medical knowledge. The reasons for the emergence of a second era are explored, and the reasons for the old era criticism outlined. This chapter traces the development of public health thinking since the sanitary model over to modern views of critical public health.
Dakubo (2014) explores the “new” public health approach as outlined in the Lalonde report. 4 major factors that were key in modeling individuals’ health according to the report are examined. The factors are defined and then linked to the ecosystem approach. The importance of the Lalonde report in shaping human health is also explained. The author shows how the report impacted the U.S Department of Health decision to produce a health report on Health Promotion and Disease Prevention. That second report explored how both personal behaviors and environmental factors influenced health.
The chapter then explores the mixed methods of natural resource management. This author brings out the role of human activities in leading to the degradation of the environment, changes in climate, and depleting of resources. Areas of concern of adopting these integrated approached to resource management are examined, and their periods of emergence too. The chapter also indicates the efforts that have been made towards linking health and environment to sustainable development. It does this by introducing reports that tried to do the linking, for instance, a report named Our Common Future by the World Commission of Environment and Development. The information outlined in this chapter can prove useful in the understanding and planning for health promotion since major approaches are explored.
Naidoo, J. and Wills, J., 2009. Foundations for health promotion. Elsevier Health Sciences.
Chapter five of the book written by Naidoo and Willis (2009) examines five different approaches to health promotion. These approaches are; the medical approach, the lifestyle approach, the educational approach, the radical approach, and the empowerment and community development approach. The chapter tries to bring out the differences between the approaches and shows how the real difference is different from how they may be perceived. The differences are shown in terms of methods of intervention, means of evaluation, and required skills. The chapter indicates how important it is to examine an approach to health promotion in a bid to try and identify a change that is necessary.
Naidoo and Willis (2009) demonstrate the aim of each approach to health promotion. It then shows the methods and evaluations of the approaches. The author brings out the objectives of the five different approaches to health promotion. They all aim at preventing diseases. They also aim at ensuring that all individuals are well informed and in a position to make health choices. Helping individuals acquire the skills and confidence to take great control over their health is another objective of the approaches. The last objective of the approaches, as brought out in the chapter, is to change policies and environment in a bid to facilitate health choices.
The chapter also develops models of practice as a means of identifying types of health promotion. It explains the importance of using a model as a framework to show how things are connected or relate. The author then introduces the different models that have been used in health promotion literature and the modes of interventions used by the models. These models are Beattie (1991), Caplan & Holland (1990), and Tannahill (1996), and Tones (2001). The author shows how all these models promoted health education, disease prevention, and health protection. All the models are represented diagrammatically so as to simplify the concept of health promotion and represent reality too. Each model had different perspectives of health promotion, and they are all explored in the chapter. This chapter clearly outlines the approaches and models of health promotion, and can be very useful in the planning of health promotion.
Germov, J, Freij, M & Richmond, K 2014, ‘A Sociology of Health Promotion’, Second opinion: an introduction to health sociology, 5th edn, Oxford University Press, South Melbourne, pp. 464-483.
Chapter 25 of Germov, Freij, and Richmond (2014) starts by explaining the concept of community health services. The philosophy shared by community health services is brought out as indicated in various reports such as the 1978 Alma-Ata Declaration. Three principles which were established in the Alma-Ata Declaration are outlined. The reader is given a cle...
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