Criminal Rates in Different Areas (Book Report Sample)
the paper describes different crimes committed in different areas in Australia. depending on the inhabitants of an area, different regions have different crimes committed, and this paper defines such areas. the paper also explains how to reduce some of these crimes in order to ensure high levels of security in Australiasource..
Criminal Rates in Different Areas
Criminal Rates in Different Areas
Crime rates are different in different areas owing to the fact that the places are not similar in terms of endowment of opportunities and resistivity to crime. For a crime to be committed in any area there must be three main precursors, which include an offender with a motive, an available chance to act illegally and also the absence of a capable person to prevent the crime from occurring. In such instance, crime is due to happen, and the degree of the three precursors differs from place to place. Motivations to commit crimes rarely differ, and they remain fairly constant over time (Walmsley, Boskovic & Pigram, 1981). Opportunities to create time advance on a daily basis where developments in communication technologies and computing have been the leading factors for the same. As a neutral ground, the computer security industry has also been growing and hence creating the electronic capable guardians. This report illustrates how different areas have been facing crime, and how they have been trying to solve the crimes within their own capabilities and resource endowment. The area under survey is Australia, which faces different crime rates in different parts. While it is said that the Northern Territory has more crime than the Western area, there are more crimes for property- related offences in the Western than in the Northern part. In the Northern region, there are more violent crimes when compared to the Western area (Barclay, 2007).
For the purpose of the reporting of the research, Australia has been divided into six regions, in which crime is likely to happen. They include New South Wales, Victoria, Queensland, South Australia, Western Australia and Year Book Australia. Statistics from the National Crime Board are different in different territories and states, but there is no single state that has the highest rate of crime for all offense groups. For robbery offences, New South Wales has been reported to have the highest records. The Northern territory is leading in murder and assault and property crimes are prevalent in Western Australia. In contrast, rates of crime in Queensland, Victoria, Australian Capital and Tasmania have been reported to be below the national rates for most of these categories of the crime offences (Australian Bureau of Statistics, 1997).
Reasons for the differences in the types of crimes and levels are several. This may be due to the following circumstances:
Larger cities tend to encourage a high prevalence of crime. Those states that have a larger proportion of urban centers have higher crime rates when compared to those states that have a smaller proportion of the urban areas.
In the states that young people are more proportionally, crimes tend to be higher when compared to areas where young people are not many. It is ascertained that young people are the most notorious in crime participation, and this can be attributed to the opportunities they get to commit these crimes and the high intelligence rates possessed by these people. The young people are also known to be trendy in technology, and they are innovative. Therefore, when there are fewer opportunities, they may not be able to grab all of them, and most of th...