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How the Structure of NGOs Transforms Human Rights? (Book Report Sample)


These was a brief review and summary of wendu wongs book "How the structure of ngo's transforms human rights

Internal Affairs: How the Structure of NGOs Transforms Human Rights. By Wendy H. Wong. Ithaca, N.Y.: Cornell University Press, 2012. Pp 272
Several studies have cited factors such as funding, hegemony, charismatic leadership and moral worth of a human right claim as the definitive factors that predominantly influence the relevance and success of NGO’s in the world stage. Wong, in her book, Internal Affairs: How the Structure of NGOs Transforms Human Rights posits that the political salience and success of an NGO or human rights campaign is contingent on the organizational fabric of an NGO (92). 
Drawing data from seven international human rights organization, she points out that the internal framework, distribution of agenda setting and execution power are pivotal to the prominence of politically salient NGO’s in the international landscape. She classifies advocacy into two components; topic and tactics. She propones a tripartite classification of organizational and agenda setting mechanism in human rights organizations: proposal development-who establishes the agenda, enforcement power-who administers the agenda and implementation-who executes the agenda. Proposal development and enforcement power inform the topics of advocacy whilst enforcement power informs the tactics of advocacy.
Proposal power refers to an organization’s capability to persistently propose logical cardinal ideas that direct the overall organizational goal. Wong posits that when the proposal power is centralized, NGO’s are driven by a succinct and clear agenda characterized by a streamlined and consolidated decision making unit or entity. Enforcement power is the degree of control an organization has to authorize, sanction or veto an agenda. Wong proposes that enforcement powers should also be centralized to enable NGO’s to regulate members and curb deviations from the key agenda.
However, Wong proposes that implementation power should be decentralized. Implementation according to Wong is the ability of an organization to execute its mission and tasks within and across its networks. According to her, decentralizing the power of implementation is important since ...
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    Description: How the structure of NGO's transforms human right: A summary and review of Wendy Wong's book Social Sciences Book Report...
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