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Winfield Refuse Management, Raising Debt Versus Equity (Case Study Sample)


Winfield Refuse Management, Inc. Case – Raising debt versus equity
In choosing the “best” financing option for Winfield Refuse Management, Inc., consider the following: 
o Pros and cons of issuing debt versus equity for the Winfield Refuse Management, Inc. 
o Annual cash outlay in 2013 for each financing decision 
o Hypothetical annual cash outlay in 2030 for each financing decision 
o Risk and Return tradeoffs for bondholders versus stockholders 
o Impact of each financing decision on relevant financial ratios 
o Why your chosen financing option is the “best” for this company 

Winfield Refuse Management, Inc. Case – Raising debt versus equity
Industry Background:
In the industry in which the company is operating, private administrators commonly gathered, prepared, and discarded nonhazardous business and mechanical waste. Metropolitan strong waste could be overseen by the regions themselves, however almost 80% of this was additionally outsourced to the private division. A waste administrator gathered the waste and after that handled it for recuperation burning for vitality recuperation, or transfer. The business was exceedingly divided, with a couple of national, traded on an open market player, for example, Waste Administration Inc. also, Republic Services rivaling various territorial administrators. With a couple special cases, most neighborhood and territorial waste organizations were secretly held. The waste administration business sector was becoming slower than general GDP, with the waste from an expanding populace balance by declining waste per-capita, because of expanded reusing and fertilizing the soil. Notwithstanding, the business more often than not produced enduring money streams.
Background of the Company:
The establishment of Winfield Refuse was done by Thomas Winfield in 1972, as a two-truck operation in Creve Coeur, Missouri. In the four decades since, the organization became through a mix of natural development and key acquisitions. In 2012, it served almost a half-million mechanical, business, and private clients in nine states, basically in the Midwest. Winfield's benefits included 22 landfills and 26 exchange stations and material recuperation offices, which served 33 accumulations operations. Despite the fact that the Winfield family kept a few seats on the board, outside expert administration had been gotten amid the 1980s. The present CEO, Leo Staumpe, had already dealt with the Michigan operation and served as COO before being elevated to CEO in 1997. Since its establishing, Winfield's board had held fast to a steady arrangement of maintaining a strategic distance from long haul obligation. The unfaltering income produced by the business, fleeting bank credits, and the returns of the 1991 open stock offering had been adequate to meet its financing needs. Starting 2012, the capital structure comprised of normal stock, with no enthusiasm bearing obligation. The Winfield family and senior administration held 79% of the normal stock. The remaining shares were broadly conveyed and exchanged rarely in the over-the-counter market.
Expansion Opportunity:
In its initial years, Winfield depended basically on natural development to extend its operation. Beginning in the mid 1990s, the organization made a progression of little, "tuck-in" acquisitions. It focused on organizations that would amplify its geographic achieve while making economies of scale with its current offices. The administration group had demonstrated fruitful in the post-obtaining stage, keeping away from undue disturbance while productively incorporating new organizations into its operations. In 2010, Winfield started effectively looking for a bigger procurement focus to cement its aggressive position in the Midwest. The group had watched that real contenders, both traded on an open market and private value upheld, had turned out to be more forceful in executing a "move up," or union procedure, of littler waste administration organizations. Confronting these bigger, more effective players, it was critical for Winfield Decline to keep up an aggressive expense position on a local premise.
In mid-2011, after an investigation of a few potential procurement targets, Winfield started examinations with Mott-Pliese Integrated Solutions (MPIS), a waste administration organization serving parts of Ohio, Indiana, Tennessee, and Pennsylvania. The MPIS resources were not an undeniable key fit with any other likely acquirer, yet its foot shaped impression would both enhance Winfield's expense position in the Midwest what's more, give an introductory passage into the mid-Atlantic area. Moreover, the business was well-run, with a solid administration group that had reliably delivered 12%–13% working edges each year for as long as 10 years. The organization was secretly held, had for all intents and purposes no long haul obligation, and the proprietors were searching for a way out. After a few transactions, Winfield and the MPIS administration come to an introductory comprehension, settling on a procurement cost of $125 million. The Winfield administration group trusted this was a reasonable cost. MPIS likewise demonstrated that it would acknowledge up to 25% of the price tag in Winfield stock.
Debt versus Equity:
If we analyze these two financing options then, the benefits of debt financing is that the ownership of the existing stockholders will not get diverted. You can control you claim business and outsider does not meddle when you settle on a choice in connection to your business. You are not required to offer a substantial offer to the speculators when you make benefit. The other benefit of debt financing is that; the payment of interest would be available as deductible expenditure for tax purposes. You can figure out how to spare impressive measure of business wage from expenses, accordingly it brings down your risk. You are not required to impart benefit to your loan specialists. Ensure you pay off the owed sum on time; else you may acquire obligation. There are different drawbacks of getting cash to fund your business. In any case, the noticeable disadvantage of the obligation financing is that you may bring about obligation on the off chance that you default on your installment. It may further confuse your money related circumstance when your business experience poor monetary stage. Obligation financing is not a practical alternative for corporate organizations. Therefore, you are required to remember the advantages and also downsides when you are looking a choice to back your business.
On the other hand, so far as equity financing is concern; you can utilize the financial specialist's asset to begin your business and you are not required paying back the speculators. In this way, you don't need to convey the weight of obligation as you not taking out advance to begin your business. Dissimilar to credit programs, you are not under commitment to pay back your financial specialists if your business falls flat. Consequently, you don't bring about obligation in the event that you business neglects to make benefit. A substantial bit of your benefit may go into the pockets of your speculators when you settle on value financing. The financial specialists for the most part expect an offer of the benefits in light of the fact that they are presented to higher dangers as they put resources into business. At the point when your business keeps running at a misfortune then you are not required to pay back the financial specialists. Your speculators possess an extensive offer of your business; in this way you are required to act in light of a legitimate concern for the financial specialists.
Risk and Return tradeoffs for bondholders versus stockholders:
Any obligation, particularly high-intrigue obligation, accompanies hazard. On the off chance that a business tackles a lot of obligation and afterward later discovers it can't make its advance installments to moneylenders, there is a decent risk that the business will fizzle under the heaviness of credit premium, however value financing dodges such dangers and has numerous advantages, yet giving others a possession stake in a business can be unsafe; the less significant a business is, the more proprietorship a speculator may request, a truth that may demonstrate unreasonable. The debt financing will provide fixed return and on the other hand and equity will provide the return based on the level of risk. There is a positive relationship between risk and return under equity financing, if risk is high return is high and if the risk is low; the return is also low.
Financing Alternatives:
The different alternatives available with the company which are being emerged from the analysis of the convergence of board of directors are as under:
The alternative-1 is Debt with Fixed Principal Repayments, in which the fund has been obtained for the initial period of 15 years at an annual fixed payment of interest @ 6.5% and repayment of fund shall be done $ 6.25 million per annum of the principal amount. The second alternative available with the company, in which the fund can be obtained under debt finance in which the at the same rate and period as mentioned in alternative-1, however the principal amount shall be refunded after the expiry of total period of 15 years instead of annual repayment. The required fund can be obtained by the company by issue of equity stock, in which the company is required to issue 7.5 million shares @ $ 17.75 to gather the required amount of fund and the dividend liability under such option will be $1 per share as determined for the initial period of time. Under the fourth option the fund requirement can be fulfilled with the combined issue of debt and equity, in the ratio of 25:75 between equity and debt. All the alternatives suggested above required to be analyzed by taking into account all the possible results and present as well as future cash outlays with the selection of any of the options as discussed above.
Criteria used for decision making purpose:
The cost of debt finance that an organization pays on its debt. This can be measured in either before-or after-government taxes; on the other hand, on the grounds that intrigue cost is deductible, the after expense is seen frequently. The compelling rate that an organization pays on its present obligation. This can be measured in either before-or after-government forms; on the other hand, in light of the fact that intrigue cost is dedu...
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