Pockels Imaging System (Dissertat. Methodology Sample)
A high-contrast optical switch for imaging partially coherent light (∼150 times the diffraction limit) requires that it have a large angular acceptance. We describe the development of a high-speed Pockels cell that uses a thin crystal to simultaneously achieve high-contrast (greater than 1800:1) and large-angular acceptance (greater than 7 mrad for a 5-mm aperture). A KD*P crystal was used in a longitudinal-mode configuration with plasma discharges forming low-resistance, high optical transmission electrodes to couple the switching voltage. Rise times of the switched optical pulse of the order of 500 ps were observed. Characterization of the device in the near and far fields was also performed.
[Client’s Name] 1 and A. Langley2
1University of Surrey, Surrey, Department of PhysicsGuildford GU2 7XH, United Kingdom
2University of Surrey, Surrey, Department of PhysicsAWE Aldermaston, Reading RG7 4PR, United Kingdom
The Pockel effect refers to the change in refractive index emanating from a specific electric field. The experiment to demonstrate the functioning of a pockel imaging system was assembled using; Allied visions technology Guppy CCD camera, polarizer crossed at 900 CZT crystals, 980 nm narrow band pass filter, lenses, and a 50W white lamp. The apparatus was assembled as shown in figure 1. Several biases (positive and negative) were used to image the CZT sample. The results indicate that negative bias produce a more uniformed distribution while a positive bias leads to light being transmitted towards the cathode. Further results indicate that more polished surfaces allows light to be uniformly transmitted.
Keywords: CZT, Yi-CZT, Pockel, planar electrode,
Cadmium Zinc Telluride (CZT) is a compound used in semi-conductor radiation detection and solar cells. It has a cubic crystal shape and thus has isotropic and optical properties. Electric fields inside the crystal cube leads to a movement of cadmium, zinc, and tellurium lattices. This is what is better known as Pockel’s effect.
The CZT crystal contains lattices, which exhibit various behaviors. The Pockel effect is subsequently used to image the CZT crystal. This is performed using a detailed schematic apparatus as depicted in Figure 1. A computer running the popular LabView software is connected to the GCD camera in order to generate clear images. The images are analyzed using the MatLab programs.
This template may be useful in preparing text for APS papers, or not. It is completely unofficial, and not endorsed by APS in any way. This template started from portal.fi.itb.ac.id/aps2009/files/aps2009.dot, a template for APS 2009 proceedings. However, I have modified it according my reading of the APS manuscript preparation web pages at HYPERLINK "https://authors.aps.org/ESUB/" https://authors.aps.org/ESUB/ REF esub \h , HYPERLINK "https://authors.aps.org/esubs/guidelines.html" https://authors.aps.org/esubs/guidelines.html REF guidelines \h , and my observation of a recent Phys. Rev. D paper. Note that REF guidelines \h  appears to contradict itself in places, and other web pages within the APS site contradict each other (e.g., HYPERLINK "https://authors.aps.org/esubs/faq.html#word" https://authors.aps.org/esubs/faq.html#word).
Separately, note that ArXiv requires, if using Word, a Word 2007 *.docx file, which you can easily make from this if you have Word 2007.
I am new to the APS format, and this is my first attempt, so it is likely to have some mistakes. I post it in the hope that it will save people some time, but cannot guarantee its use for anything, including APS submissions. Consult the APS web pages for current information, as this template, by itself, is wholly inadequate to prepare a paper. Please send corrections for this template to me.
REF guidelines \h  states, “Manuscripts submitted to the journals must contain original work which has not been previously published in a peer-reviewed journal, and which is not currently being considered for publication elsewhere.”.
Remember that the formatting of your manuscript is largely irrelevant to its final appearance in the journal, since they will completely reformat the text before publication. However, this template helps you see approximately how it will look, and helps with things such as references.
While editing, you should choose “Normal View,” and set _Tools_, _Options_, |View|, Style area width to 0.8” so you can see the paragraph styles on the left. I have only viewed this template on Windows, but it should be largely portable to Mac. Use “Print Layout View” for a better view of how your draft looks on a page.
This template is primarily text formatted with Word paragraph styles that are defined to provide appropriate formatting. Using Word styles is important, because it allows formatting changes to be quickly applied to the entire document by simply modifying the style. Authors can directly use the basic styles defined within this template. However, authors are free to create their own styles, and add them to this template.
Following are examples of how to cite references.?? Since the first helical nanotubes of graphitic carbon were fabricated interest has focused on quasi-one-dimensional nanostructured materials , especially those made of carbon and silicon -. Silicon nanowires (SiNWs) have been synthesized by both physical and chemical vapor deposition (CVD) -.
Example of writing Latin names appears in the following sentence. Some cultivar C. annuum are not spicy, but all cultivar C. frutescens are spicy .
How to Use This Template
First, change the header to have your article title on the left, and your target journal on the right
You choose your section titles as you see...
- Pockels Imaging SystemDescription: Cadmium Zinc Telluride (CZT) is a compound used in semi-conductor radiation detection and solar cells...7 pages/≈1925 words| MLA | Mathematics & Economics | Dissertat. Methodology |