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Barriers for SMEs to Access Finance in China in Shaanxi City (Dissertation Sample)


Barriers for SMEs to Access Finance in China: A Case Study of SMEs in Shaanxi City, China


Barriers for SMEs to Access Finance in China: A Case Study of SMEs in Shaanxi City, China




I……………………………………………………..hereby declare that this piece of work is my original work and has never been presented in any institution of learning institution.


This study primarily sought to explore the qualitative relationship between Chinese SMEs and banks or other financial institutions in terms to access to finance, with a focus on barriers. A case study of SMEs in Shaanxi was used, and a survey involving 87 managers and owners of SMEs undertaken to address the research questions. Consistent with several past studies, this study establish that bank loans remain unpopular source of finance among the SMEs, with majority resorting to finances from their personal savings and loans and grants from families and friends. This state of affairs is attributed to a number of issues and barriers associated with banks loans, including high costs of access, institutional and procedural bureaucracies and unwillingness on part of banks to negotiate on rates. The situation is unlikely to change fundamentally in the near future, due to information asymmetry which prompts loan rationing among others. The study recommends various policy measures that may be adopted to address the issue.
Key words: SMEs, bank loan, Shaanxi, access to finance 


[Mention people you wish to dedicate the work to ]


            I would like to express my sincere gratitude and appreciation to a number of individuals without whom my dream to obtain a [level of the degree eg. Bachelors , masters ,doctoral] degree would have been extremely difficult.
              I would like to acknowledge my awesome dissertation committee members, [Names] for their professionalism, advice, and support, particularly throughout the dissertation process.
            Sincere thanks also to my wonderful and [Friends and relatives]
            I am eternally grateful to you all and will never be able to repay you for all you have done to help me make my commitment a reality.






 Table of Contents
Declaration. ii
Abstract iii
Dedication. iv
Acknowledgments. v
1.0 Introduction. 1
Problem Statement 1
Aim and Objectives of the Study. 2
Research Questions. 2
Justification and contributions of the Study. 3
Dissertation Structure. 3
Development of SME in China. 4
Sources of Finance for SME.. 5
Factors Influencing SMEs to Access Finances. 7
Structure of the Chinese Financial System.. 9
Current SME Financing Policies in China. 10
Financial Policies in Other Nations. 12
Relationship between Chinese SME and Financial Institutions. 14
Barriers to Access of Funds by SME.. 15
Lack of appropriate collateral to banks. 15
Poor Credit Ratings Assessment 16
Lack of Transparency in Accounting and Auditing. 16
Economies of Scale. 16
Political Risks. 17
Investment and Tax Policies. 17
Summary of the Chapter 17
Chapter 3:  Methodology. 19
Epistemological Approach. 19
Research Design. 19
Research Strategies. 19
Sample and Sample Size. 20
Inclusion Criteria. 20
Data Collection Methods. 21
Data Analysis. 22
Validity and Reliability. 22
Ethical Considerations. 23
Chapter 4: Findings and Analysis. 25
The overall condition of SMEs’s ease of access to finance. 25
Duration taken to access credit facilities. 28
Opening a bank account 28
Enterprise age and access to finance. 30
Sources of Finance. 34
Issues and Barriers. 36
General difficulty in accessing finances. 36
Impact 41
How Chinese SMEs’ access to finance. 43
Chapter Summary. 44
Chapter 5: Discussions. 45
Access to Finance. 46
Accounting for the Issues and Barriers. 48
Chapter 6: Conclusion and Recommendations. 51
Recommendations. 52
Limitations and Implications for Future Research. 54
References. 55
Appendix 1. 59
Questionnaire. 59
List of tables  
Table 1: Frequency distribution on perceived ease of access. 26
Table 2: Statistics Perceived ease of access to bank finance. 27
Table 3: Frequency table-Business life span before opening a bank account 28
Table 4: Frequency table- Enterprise age and access to finance. 30
Table 5: Statistics: Duration taken to open a bank account and to obtain loans. 32
Table 6:  Major sources of finance. 34
Table 7: Key barriers /issues to accessing finances. 37
Table 8: Impact of difficulty in accessing bank finances. 41
Table 9: Measures to improve access to bank and financial institutions’  loans. 43
Table of Fi...
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