Architecture of Prisons in the UK: How is It Misogynistic? (Dissertation Sample)
Over the past few decades, there has been a growing body of literature on the architecture of female prisons and the discrimination against women in correctional facilities in the UK. This paper aimed to explore how the architecture of prisons in the United Kingdom is misogynistic and neglects the actual needs of female prisoners. women in prison are a particularly vulnerable group, and it is essential to understand how the prison environment may impact their experience. The paper argued that Society must consider how the physical space of prisons affects the lived experience of incarcerated women, as this can have severe implications for their safety, well-being, and ability to reintegrate into society after release.source..
ARCHITECTURE OF FEMALE PRISONS AND DISCRIMINATION AGAINST WOMEN IN CORRECTIONAL FACILITIES IN THE UK
Table of Contents TOC \o "1-3" \h \z \u Chapter 1: Introduction PAGEREF _Toc112372900 \h 3Background PAGEREF _Toc112372901 \h 3Aim PAGEREF _Toc112372902 \h 5Objectives PAGEREF _Toc112372903 \h 5Chapter 2: Architecture of Prisons – Male vs Female PAGEREF _Toc112372904 \h 6The design of women's prisons PAGEREF _Toc112372905 \h 6Chapter 3: Challenges and Discrimination among women in correctional facilities PAGEREF _Toc112372906 \h 9The Prison Crisis PAGEREF _Toc112372907 \h 9The Holloway Prison PAGEREF _Toc112372908 \h 12Deaths PAGEREF _Toc112372909 \h 13The HMP Bronzefield Prison PAGEREF _Toc112372910 \h 14Conditions today PAGEREF _Toc112372911 \h 14Deaths PAGEREF _Toc112372912 \h 15Rehabilitation PAGEREF _Toc112372913 \h 16The Bangkok Rules PAGEREF _Toc112372914 \h 16Chapter 4: Conclusion and Recommendation PAGEREF _Toc112372915 \h 19Conclusion PAGEREF _Toc112372916 \h 19Recommendations PAGEREF _Toc112372917 \h 19Reference List PAGEREF _Toc112372918 \h 22
Chapter 1: Introduction
Female prisons are an essential but often overlooked part of the criminal justice system. According to Pons (2019), in the United Kingdom, women make up a small minority (2%) of the prison population, but they are disproportionately represented in the most vulnerable and disadvantaged groups within prisons. Additionally, women constitute 24% of all psychosomatic incidences within prisons, even though they only make up 6% of the general jail population (Public Health England, 2018). Over the past few decades, there has been a growing body of literature on the architecture of female prisons and the discrimination against women in correctional facilities in the UK (Jewkes and Gooch, 2019; Murray and Hunter, 2019). It is, therefore, evident that women in prison are a particularly vulnerable group, and it is essential to understand how the prison environment may impact their experience. Society must therefore consider how the physical space of prisons affects the lived experience of incarcerated women, as this can have severe implications for their safety, well-being, and ability to reintegrate into society after release (Gobean et al., 2022). The purpose of this paper is to explore how the architecture of prisons in the United Kingdom is misogynistic and neglects the actual needs of female prisoners.
As a result of the lower number of female inmates, female prisons are typically located in annexes attached to prisons that house male inmates (Ryckman et al., 2021). These annexes are frequently not sufficiently segregated from the males and are exposed to high congestion risks. On the other hand, most of the time, the facilities and staff of prisons are designed to accommodate a men's jail population. This means that the unique requirements of female inmates are often overlooked in the design of female prisons (Jewkes et al., 2019). The dearth of female staff members to attend to and monitor female inmates and the inadequate training on how to meet their particular requirements contribute to the aggravation of the disadvantages that female prisoners suffer.
As a natural phenomenon, female inmates have a more significant need for primary medical care when compared to male inmates (Benevolenza and DeRigne, 2019). Kirkland and Hyman (2021) believe that women with particular medical problems (especially those from poor backgrounds) may never be treated for their conditions before admission because they face discrimination when attempting to access primary health treatment and support. When women enter correctional facilities, a significant percentage of them already have sexually transmitted diseases (STDs), such as HIV and hepatitis, as a result of their possible prior experiences, such as drugs abuse, experiencing sexual violence, or engaging in high-risk sexual practices (Defante Ferreto et al., 2021; Rietmeijer, 2019). This condition necessitates adequate medical attention for the female prison population, but this is not always the case.
The design and layout of prison facilities is a sensitive and complex matter that has long been debated. Any changes to prison architecture have recently been met with resistance from those within the criminal justice system who view prisons as an essential element of British society (van Ginneken et al., 2018). However, it is increasingly clear that the architectural design of prisons can promote or exacerbate the discrimination against women within these institutions.
This study explores the architecture of female prisons and how this may contribute to discrimination against women in correctional facilities in the UK. This study uses a qualitative methodology that examines secondary sources to gather data on interviews with women who are currently or have been incarcerated in the UK, police reports and reports from feminist groups.
The findings of this study will contribute to our understanding of how the prison environment can impact the well-being of women and how architecture can play a role in addressing this issue. This paper will review this literature, focusing on determining the unique architectural features of female prisons in the UK and how they influence female prisoners. The findings of this study will also be of use to policymakers and other stakeholders, who can use this information to develop better policies and strategies to prevent discrimination against women in prison. It will also consider the potential for reform of this architecture to address this issue. Doing so will provide an essential piece of research into one of the most sensitive and controversial areas of criminal justice policy.
The purpose of this paper is to explore how the architecture of prisons in the United Kingdom is misogynistic and neglects the actual needs of female prisoners.
* To examine the perceptions of female prisoners regarding the architecture of their facility.
* To discuss the implications of the architectural features of female prisons in the UK for the welfare of female prisoners.
Chapter 2: Architecture of Prisons – Male vs Female
The design of women's prisons
According to Jones, Patel, and Simpson (2019), one of the main goals of design for women's prisons is to provide safe and