History: The Aboriginal Tent Embassy And Policymakers In Australia (Essay Sample)
The Tent Embassy and Policymakers in Australia.source..
The Tent Embassy and Policymakers in Australia
The historical account of Aboriginals dates back to Australian colonization times and seeks to give a clear and concise survey of their history as traced since 1788. It presents reflections of black and white encounters in Australia since colonization. This history is captured from the standpoint of the original Australian people who participated in the original struggle for power with British colonialist and lost, by Richard Broome. He captures the struggle and resistance encounters between the Aboriginal Australians and the Europeans and shows how the inhabitants lost the struggle as the Europeans steadily supplanted them. This took place from the shining coasts of Australia to the interior that included the deserts. They used diverse tactics to establish valid occupancy and conquest that ranged from their significant numbers, use of technology where they possessed sophisticated weaponry and other powerful arms that did not initially exist among the Aboriginals. They also sparked violence where they applied force and cruel treatment to the non-collaborating Aboriginals who resisted their influence. There was an outbreak of diseases that further weakened the inhabitants and made them susceptible to the cruelty and aggression of the intruders. This did not work well with them as they were rendered weaker to face the common enemy.
The story also captures how the now subdued Aboriginals were able to cope and survive after being conquered by the colonialists. It looks at their accommodation and the traces of continued struggle as they tried to emancipate themselves from the harsh rule. The Aboriginals struggled from the places where the colonialists originally confined them to a more central place that is modern. The story, as narrated by Prof. Richard Broom has won several accolades in the category of classical accounts of Australia. It exposes the insecurities and plight and such communities as they struggled to attain self-rule from the colonialists.
The Aboriginal Tent Embassy
Aboriginal Tent Embassy comprises of activists that represent the political rights of the original inhabitants of Australia. This category of Australian is referred to as Aboriginal-Australia and was coined by the British government in 1788 after declaring Australia, a British colony. The group was comprised of indigenous Australians who bear original biological descent and enjoy the traditional authority and rights. The term Aboriginal came from the British Government and was intended to classify the people who were originally staying and inhabiting Australia by the time of colonization. It encompasses the descendants of this category of people (Öhman, M. B., & Wyld, F, 2014). They were put together by their distinct and ostensible physical characteristics as observed from the ancestors and racial attributes. This was the main basis and criterion and belonging. Some of the names of men who are associated with Aboriginal activism includes Bertie Williams, Michael Anderson and Tony Coorey.
According to Aboriginal Tent Embassy, this group of activists is made up of tents and signs as seen in the lawn that is in the immediately opposite direction of the Old Australian Parliament House in the current Australian capital, Canberra. This was following the arrival of the activists from Sydney where they planted a commemorative beach umbrella on the Old Parliament lawn. The main reason that contributed to the establishment of the Embassy was to respond to McMahon Coalition adamant action of refusing to recognize the land rights of the original Australian inhabitants. The coalition government advocated for lease rights as opposed to original land ownership which was to be done by their ability to make a reasonable economic use and occupancy of the property. This also exempted them from the ability to mine any minerals discovered or to utilize the forestry resources.
The mass protests involved all Australian Aboriginals who replaced the beach umbrella in the lawn of Parliament with several tents. It had great success as it managed to unite the Aboriginal populace during the first six months of its existence in 1972. They were a semi-permanent assemblage that asserted their claim in representing the rights of Aboriginal Australians. Among their major demands was uniformity of land rights that will ensure that the Aboriginal needs were adequately met and addressed. Other names that were featured during the activism included Paul Coe, Chica Dixon, Garry Williams, Gary Foley, John Newfong, Pearl Gibbs, Roberta Sykes, Cheryl Buchanan, Alana Doolan Pat Eaton, Isabelle Coe, Kevin Gilbert, Shirley Smith and Denis Walker (Foley, G., Schaap, A., & Howell, E, 2013).
The main demands presented by the 1972 Aboriginal Embassy included the ability to seize control of the Northern Territory State that fell in the Commonwealth of Australia. They demanded absolute control of the Northern Territory by the Aboriginals where they were allowed to possess mineral rights of the whole territory without the intervention of other parties. They demanded the preservation of all sites that were deemed sacred as well as ownership of legal title and mining rights. This was supposed to cover all the areas including the Australian capital. They were agitating for monetary compensation for their land that was not returnable in the form of a down-payment of six billion Australian Dollars. This was to also include an annu
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