14 pages/≈3850 words
Somalia Conflict: Resolve The Issue Of Disputes (Essay Sample)
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Official local investors are also greatly motivated to bring to resolve the issue of disputes. They are as a result motivated by various incentives so as to boost the power of official local investors by a structure of ways. One of the ways that the officials are trying to adopt is that of bringing back domestic investors from the Somali diaspora. The interest of the officials is to make sure that the Somalis in the diaspora come back to Somali since they are a part of the answer and a main influence on the growth of Somalia, not only on the role they play for Somalia’s economic growth but also because of their human resource contribution when they come back (Holm, 2015). Bringing these people back to Somalia is however faced with challenges because Somalia is already grappling with over a million Internally Displaced People (Sharif, 2014) and other refugees coming to Somalia from other countries such as Yemen (UN High Commissioner for Refugees, 2015).
An important factor to consider when returning its citizens living abroad to Somalia is that as much as Somalia is legally concerned with bringing back its citizens, it should be noted that Somalia is not in a position to do that. This is because Somalia is incapable of giving its repatriates security at their homes or in the process of bringing back and resettling refugees. Additionally, Somalia lacks a legislative framework for assisting these immigrants even as it fights to repossess areas that had been taken over and being run by al-shabaab and as it also struggles to gain acceptance back by the ethnic groups (Sharif, 2014). These revelations only confirm that Somalia is not in a position to bring back its refugees to their country and take care of them even with coercion from external forces such as their neighbouring countries and international players (Sharif, 2014).
To conclude, the federal republic of Somalia intends to repatriate their citizens living in other countries because they lack human resource in their country which they need to be stable and to bring economic growth to Somalia. However, coming back home to Somalia is faced with a myriad of challenges such as the continuous lack of security and lack of a presence of a legal framework.
Another method the officials are trying to use is to enhance steadiness in the region through economic growth. Official investors are also concerned with enhancing steadiness while at the same time establishing economic growth which they expect will steer more wealth and peace. The government in Somalia is aiming at encouraging foreign investment through various ways. Somalia was incapable of providing a stable environment for foreign and local investment and growth due the fact that it was stuck in the civil war, which also made it hard for the Somalis in the diaspora to directly invest in Somalia.
Lack of investment opportunities to invest in Somalia, or as a result of these unrests forced the Somalis in the diaspora to invest in Nairobi, if they wanted to invest in the region. Established in 2011, the Somali Stock Exchange was able to remedy the difficulty of lack of a free flow of foreign currency and it has become one of the most favourable ideas (Somali Stock Exchange, 2015). Nevertheless, the Somalia government has adopted other ideas to bring economic prosperity to the country. Such measures adopted by the government include giving out licenses for the exploitation of resources like the fish industry (Gridneff, 2015) and the gas and oil industry (United Nations Security Council, 2016) since these industries are able to create employment and ensure cash flow into the country, other conditions remaining constant (Riordan, 2016).
In conclusion, officials are concerned with generating more prosperity in Somaliland and to aggressively lure investors to Somalia while nurturing foreign investments, creating investment options, making getting of official licenses easy and thus making it easy to create new jobs thus increasing tax money as a result of these businesses and licenses.
Another means of creating stability in Somalia is through inclusion of more powerbrokers into the political system. Those concerned hope that by adding more people into the federal system will strengthen the peace between the federal government and the regional states with powerful people who have a special regional importance. These people who are viewed as being special in the region include state administrators, clans, powerful defectors of the Islamic movements and militants, although they are not just limited to such. A case scenario of an individual who was absorbed into the system in Somalia is Ahmed Madobe decamped from a radical Islamic group and turned to become a leader of the Militia group “Raskamboni Movement” and also became the leader of the administration in the region of Jubba (Jubaland Reborn).
The newly formed federal system has faced some challenges while trying to incorporate members into the society such as reaching an agreement and ending disputes between the individuals and their fast growing demands especially if the demands are different from other individuals (Thomas, 2014). The negotiations that set clear the rights and tasks by each person and another leave doubts on the clarity of the matter and can be seen as a cause for slowing down the process of stability to the federal system (Jubaland Reborn).
In conclusion, the realization of a democratic system in Somalia has been quite a struggle. To be able to get peace and prosperity in Somalia has had to call for decentralization in accordance to participation, which has played a big role for peace, and to be able to achieve a federal system, which is one of the greatest achievements politically of the Federal Republic of Somalia (Brown, 2015). The issue of incorporating power brokers in the political systems makes there to be participation as well as convincing the involved institutions to have a consensus for the growth of the federal government.
Increasing legitimacy of the democratic federal system, as stated earlier, is one of the key causes of stability. The people of Somalia were highly optimistic after the appointment of members of parliament in 2012. But for the democracy to be fundamental, as the officials came to realize, there needs to be more than optimism and various tasks have to be carried out in order to achieve results characterized by inclusiveness, effectiveness and accountability and the full execution of the federalization (Brown, 2015).
Some goals, for instance, the adjustment of the constitution in 2016 and the creation of states (ibid), have been achieved in an attempt to encourage trust building. This is despite the lack of stable security which was a challenge to the process of carrying out democratic presidential elections (ibid). Although holding elections was not possible, all the Somali legislators were able to carry out democratic elections and successfully voted in the president (Services, 2017). Despite lack of participation from the people, this election was seen as a positive move forward because the Somalia parliament, which consists of the upper and the lower houses was elected by more than 14,000 delegates from the former government in the place of just about 300 electors. Even thus, the elections in Somalia are a far cry from the democratic elections held elsewhere like in the western countries (McCormick, 2016).
Naturally, elections where the president is chosen by only a few people will not have the same political legitimacy for the current system, not mentioning the contrasting systems of the rule of clans and Islamic rule, as well as the legitimacy of the independent, unbiased and free elections in 2016 (Brown, 2015). In a situation where being a member of a clan means so much for the people, the officials have to adapt it as being important too. As a result of the leadership of clans systems, some clans are left out, to the benefit of individual officials who feel the great power of these clans (Brown, 2015). Moreover, ethnic meetings where ethnic elders and other stakeholders are involved could result in possible positive outcomes which lead to good governance due to consultations (ibid).
Additionally, it is very paramount that politicians establish a positive attitude and involve he clans in the policy making process as well as the federal system, because this is very dependent on the goodwill of the clans which have high persuasive results (Services, 2017). The youth in Somalia however are more expectant of a more clear system without ethnic classifications and they openly condemn officials who do not govern them in a correct way involved in vices such as corruption and unaccountability (Riordan, 2015).moreover, most of the officials want to look for legitimacy from the Somali people by encouraging a conservative form of Islam, which is very similar to the Islam practiced by the al-shabaab and which has connections to incarcerated people like President Morsi of the Muslim brotherhood in Egypt which is however not likely to attract western donors (Brown, 2015). As a result, the people of Somalia were relieved and increased their responsibility because the election dates were postponed severally as a result of un-readiness from the side of the government in terms of lack of voter registers and the unpredictable security situations (Brown, 2015; Service, 2017).
While officials are seeking for legitimacy, they must use various options to gain this. These include attempting to meet the requirements of more openness. Lack of free elections in Somalia is however caused by a lack of provision of security closing out majority of the people from participating in the voting process. The government and its officials on the other hand depend on clan leaders to help them in supporting the fede...
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