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2 pages/≈550 words
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Mathematics & Economics
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The Current U.S. Economic Situation (Essay Sample)


The essay required the student to provide an overview of the current U.S. economic situation (2022). It provided a snapshot of the U.S. economic performance in the past year, including GDP growth, inflation, and unemployment. With the U.S. economy emerging from a recession caused by the COVID-19 pandemic, the paper provided an analysis of what the U.S. government is doing to return the economic performance to its pre-pandemic levels.


The Current U.S. Economic Situation
The United States (U.S.) has one of the world’s strongest and most productive economies. With a Gross Domestic Product (GDP) of $20.94 trillion as of 2020, the U.S. economy represents about 20 percent of global output and has the sixth highest GDP per capita globally (OECD, 2022). The economy features highly advanced technology and service sectors, which account for almost 80 percent of its output (Focus Economics, 2022). The U.S. economy is driven by a sophisticated physical infrastructure, abundant natural resources, and a large and well-educated productive workforce (Focus Economics, 2022). Prior to the COVID-19 pandemic, the economy had been marked by a slow but steady recovery since 2010, with annual gross domestic product (GDP) growth averaging 2.2 percent (Rouse et al., 2022). Inflation was low, as was unemployment, and stock and home prices were soaring. The manufacturing, retail, financial, and services sectors were also thriving. The decade-long economic expansion came to a halt when the COVID-19 pandemic struck in late 2019.
In addition to the significant epidemiological impacts, COVID-19 resulted in an intense downturn in the U.S. economy. In the first half of 2020, unemployment jumped to 14.7 percent from 4.4 percent as the economy lost close to 21 million jobs (ECLA, 2020). The pandemic combined aspects of demand and supply shocks. Lockdown measures affected the economy’s capacity to produce goods and services and weakened demand as consumers’ ability to purchase goods and services reduced (Rouse et al., 2022). Industrial production plunged by 12.7% in June 2020. Financial markets were also hit hard as equity markets recorded their worst losses since the 2008 financial crisis (Rouse et al., 2022). The pandemic also led to a decline in private investment and disrupted trade flows and supply chains, with exports and imports in the first five months of 2020 falling by 13.6 percent and 13.3 percent, respectively (Rouse et al., 2022).

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