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Annotated Bibliography About Suicide-Related Deaths Among People of Different Ages (Essay Sample)


The task was to come up with an annotated bibliography for the resources on suicide by age.


Annotated Bibliography
Agerbo, E., Nordentoft, M., & Mortensen, P. B. (2002). Familial, psychiatric, and
socioeconomic risk factors for suicide in young people: nested case-control study. Bmj, 325(7355), 74.
The document was published in 2002 to study a registered increase in the number of suicides in young people and the factors that led to suicide in the given research population. The study's main objective was to estimate the risk of suicide in young people concerning socioeconomic and psychiatric factors. The researchers used a population-based nested case-controlled study as the main method of gathering information. The population size was 496 individuals between the ages of 10 and 21. The researchers used Fisher’s Monte Carlo sampled exact test to establish the given variables in the study.
The researchers established that the most prominent age for suicide in the given population was between 18-21 years. The most prominent factors included mental conditions like depression, parental relationships and childhood trauma, divorce, poor schooling, a lack of awareness of mental health, and socioeconomic factors. The researchers then concluded that raising mental awareness and promoting mental awareness programs in education systems will help avert many suicides in the given age group.
Morgan, C., Webb, R. T., Carr, M. J., Kontopantelis, E., Chew-
Graham, C. A., Kapur, N., & Ashcroft, D. M. (2018). Self-harm in a primary care cohort of older people: incidence, clinical management, and risk of suicide and other causes of death. The Lancet Psychiatry, 5(11), 905-912.
The research document examines the probability and the rate of self-harm among the aging population and determines the prevalence of suicides in the given population. The researchers characterize self-harm as the major risk factor and secondary cause of suicide in the older population. The researchers gathered data from the UK Clinical Practice Research Link and cross-referenced it with the data of individuals 65 years or older who have had at least an episode of self-harm in the past year. The researchers discovered that of the studied population. 59.7% were referred to mental health programs, 33.2% were on anti-depressant medication, and half the studied population had consequential self-harm activities. The researchers emphasize the importance of early intervention and mental awareness on matters like depression and self-harm. They also emphasized the importance of regulating prescriptions to reduce deliberate overdose on medication.
Lee, S. U., Park, J. I., Lee, S., Oh, I. H., Choi, J. M., & Oh, C. M. (2018). Changing trends
in suicide rates in South Korea from 1993 to 2016: a descriptive study. BMJ open, 8(9), e023144
The research document primarily establishes the rates, risk factors, and the age group most affected by suicide in South Korea between 1993 and 2016. The participants of the study were the general population of South Korea. The study's findings indicate that since 2010, suicide rates have been steadily decreasing at a rate of 5.5%. The largest demographic affected by suicide and suicide repotted cases were male and between the age of 30 and 49 (middle-aged men).
The reported age group had a slightly lower decrease rate of 4.5% compared to 6.1% of women. The researchers concluded that national efforts to reduce the rate of suicide in the country played a significant role in the witnessed reduction rates. The researchers, however, advise that there should be special mental health programs for the most affected demographic.
Dandona, R., Kumar, G. A., Dhaliwal, R. S., Naghavi, M., Vos, T., Shukla, D. K., ... &
Dandona, L. (2018). Gender differentials and state variations in suicide deaths in India: the Global Burden of Disease Study 1990–2016. The Lancet Public Health, 3(10), e478-e489
The research document aims to establish a systematic understanding of the mortality rates and trends of suicide-related deaths in India between 1990 and 2016. The researchers collected data from the national database on suicide-related deaths and cross-referenced the data with other national factors like age and economic status. As a result, the researchers found out that the SDR (suicide death ratio) in men was generally higher than that of men when referenced in intervals of 10 years. They also discovered that most of these men were middle-aged men between 30 and 50 years.
The researchers concluded that suicide prevalence is generally higher for men, especially middle-aged men and identified the primary cause as mental illness.
Stone, D. M., Simon, T. R., Fowler, K. A., Kegler, S. R., Yuan, K., Holland, K. M., ... &
Crosby, A. E. (2018). Vital signs: trends in state suicide rates—United States, 1999–2016 and circumstances contributing to

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