Justice and Power and Waves of Fundamental Change (Essay Sample)
From the list of terms below, choose five (5) terms. For each of your selected
terms, define its meaning and significance
in the context of the course. Use
examples from the Republic as necessary to
prove your points. Each response
should be approximately 2 to 4 sentences
of the polis
Section B: Essay Questions
Write an essay response for both of the two essay questions below. (This
means that you will be writing two separate
mini-essays.) Each essay should
be approximately 500 to 600 words long.
Although your essays will be short,
ensure that each one makes an argument. Do
not use sources outside the
Republic Be sure to cite the text(s) in
question using APA.
1. During our study of political philosophy this term, we encountered
a number of different definitions of justice. What is the relationship between
justice and power? Use at least three of the examples or definitions of justice from the Republic.
2. In Book V of Republic, Plato’s Socrates
presents three waves of radical changes that must be put in place in order for
Kallipolis to come into being. What are these three waves, and what are some of
the challenges inherent in them?
Justice - In the republic, justice is a principle that necessitates that each individual achieves the communal role to which nature tailored him and not inhibit with any additional business. Plato recognizes it to be harmony in a designed political body. It is regarded as a duty and order of the segments of the soul. It is the strength that is harmonious and not just simple strength. It is not the stronger’s right but the operational harmony of all.
Piraeus - This was where the defeat of the thirty tyrants occurred, and democracy was re-established in 403 BCE. Being Athens port, Piraeus, like all port towns globally, was full of foreigners like Cephalus, who were greatly wealthy. Plato headed down to the city in his time, inhabited from the 26 century.
Polis formation - the Polis developed from the dark ages, which trailed the Mycenaean civilization fall in Greece, and a substantial urbanization process had started. The largest was the territory of Sparta. Every Polis was organized with a town center and the adjacent countryside. The Polis had walls on the outside for protection, in addition to a public space that comprised government buildings and temples.
Antigone - She is Polynices, Ismene, and Eteocles sister. Antigone acts as a representation of honoring man versus honoring the gods. While Creon claims that one must observe man’s law, Antigone fails to avert from the gods.
Tripartite soul - Plato establishes the notion of a tripartite soul claiming that every individual's soul is segmented into three varied segments. These segments are merely in varied balance from every individual to the other. He refers to the three soul segments as the spirited segment, the logical part, and the appetitive fragment.
Justice and Power
The republic discourses both concepts of power and justice, offering different thoughts by theorists. Justice is defined as a principle that necessitates that each individual achieves the communal role to which nature tailored him and not inhibit any additional business. It is also defined as executing one's task and not interfering with other people's possessions. On the other hand, power is held by the individuals and their reps in government. This paper highlights the relationship between justice and power according to the republic.
Justice is, therefore, some form of specialization. It is purely the drive to fulfill the duties of a person's station and not to interfere with the obligations of an additional station. Therefore its habitation is in the mind of every individual who executes his responsibilities in his allotted place. It is the unique code of non-interference. Plato has regarded the state as a flawless whole via which every person, which is its constituent, operates not for the wellbeing of the whole and not for oneself (Plato, 1974). In the platonic state, justice would thus be like that relationship harmony where the worlds are held together in the systematic movement.
In discoursing power, Plato defends the focus of power exercise on individuals gifted with political governance expertise. His perfect political philosophy is explained in 'the Republic' as regulation by theorist kings exercising total authority over their matters. Their power branches solely from their understanding of justice via which they establish political judgments supporting their cities (Griswold, 2010). The second thought of Plato on power is where complete rule by theorist kings is weakened by the contaminated personality of all political understanding. At the same time, the full understanding of justice consents to the complete political authority of the people with this knowledge, a partial understanding of justice forbids such large authority investment. Plato's practical philosophy of politics contends for the governance of mixed theory blending the monarchy institutions with democracy in the finest practical city.
Justice stands for whatever is in the stronger party’s interest in a given situation. It is therefore impacted through power by individuals in power. Individuals in power establish laws; the subjects or rather the weaker party are expected to observe the law, which is regarded as justice. Observing laws established by those in authority for their interest. However, the ruler's key interest should be attaining the interests of the weaker party or subjects. If
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