Air pollution in Beijing, China Engineering Assignment (Essay Sample)
Task was about air pollution. The sample is about AN INVESTIGATION OF CONTRIBUTION THAT LANDSCAPE COULD MAKE TO REDUCING AIR POLLUTION IN BEIJINGsource..
TITLE: AN INVESTIGATION OF CONTRIBUTION THAT LANDSCAPE COULD MAKE TO REDUCING AIR POLLUTION IN BEIJING
Table of Contents TOC \o "1-3" \h \z \u CHAPTER 1: INTRODUCTION PAGEREF _Toc492297022 \h 31.1 Background and significance of the study PAGEREF _Toc492297023 \h 31.2. Research Focus and Scope PAGEREF _Toc492297024 \h 51.2.1 Brief description of that urban landscape's contribution concerning air pollution PAGEREF _Toc492297025 \h 61.2.2. Existence and threats of air pollution in China, Focusing on Beijing PAGEREF _Toc492297026 \h 61.3. Research Aim and Objectives PAGEREF _Toc492297027 \h 91.4 Research Rationale and Risks PAGEREF _Toc492297028 \h 101.5. Thesis Organization PAGEREF _Toc492297029 \h 11CHAPTER 2: LITERATURE REVIEW PAGEREF _Toc492297030 \h 202.2.1 Urban Landscape in Environment PAGEREF _Toc492297031 \h 282.2.2 Waterfront Landscape in Environment PAGEREF _Toc492297032 \h 292.2.3 City Park's Landscape in Environment PAGEREF _Toc492297033 \h 29CHAPTER 3: METHODOLOGY PAGEREF _Toc492297034 \h 403.1. Statement of purpose PAGEREF _Toc492297035 \h 403.2 Research Philosophy and Approach PAGEREF _Toc492297036 \h 413.3 Case Study Focusing on Beijing PAGEREF _Toc492297037 \h 423.4 Data Collection and Mix Method Analysis PAGEREF _Toc492297038 \h 513.5. Time Horizon PAGEREF _Toc492297039 \h 573.6 Summary PAGEREF _Toc492297040 \h 58CHAPTER 4: DATA ACQUISITION AND ANALYSIS PAGEREF _Toc492297041 \h 59CHAPTER 5: RECOMMENDATIONS PAGEREF _Toc492297042 \h 625.2 Landscape Contribution-Human Being's Perspective PAGEREF _Toc492297043 \h 625.3 Landscape contribution-Eco system's perspective PAGEREF _Toc492297044 \h 63CHAPTER 6: CONCLUSION PAGEREF _Toc492297045 \h 64Bibliography PAGEREF _Toc492297046 \h 65
CHAPTER 1: INTRODUCTION
1.1 Background and significance of the study
The quality of air in the capital city of China, Beijing, is a great cause for concern for the health and wellbeing of people as well as the entire environment. In fact, so dire is the situation in the country that the effects of the extreme levels of the pollution are seen in the city's architecture. The country's architects are now reconfiguring the city's buildings and spaces as well as the daily routines so that the people in the city can normally go on with their lives in spite of the toxic effects.
The use of face masks is common here and has been in use for a long time. Today, however, the people of Beijing have gone a notch higher in using the heavy type of masks that have purification canister filters in order to further filter the air they breathe due to the high rates of pollution. It is common as well to find bicycle lanes empty on bad days as people retreat to the air-conditioned environments where the air is cleaner such as the hermetically sealed malls. One British school, in efforts to ensure a clean environment for its students, went into the lengths of building an artificial bubble that would simulate a normal environment beneath the smog. Many other schools and colleges such as the International School of Beijing and the Dulwich College have built domes of clean air for their students in order to escape the harshness of the polluted air in the capital.
The above illustrations are only examples of the extent of air pollution in the world's most populous country. The people of China, and Beijing in particular, continue to suffer the effects of such high rates of pollution that the phenomenon has caught the eye of international bodies. Further studies have also indicated possibility of a relationship between the urban landscape and the high rates of pollution, and they also proposed that a solution to the air pollution may lie in the city's urban landscape setting (Reycraft, 2000). However, there is no sufficient information on this relationship. In particular, there is inadequate information to explain what aspects of a city's urban landscape contribute to air pollution and as such, what specific interventions should be taken in order to reduce the pollution. This study, therefore, was significant to the course of air pollution in Beijing by identifying the specific factors in a city's urban landscape that contribute to air pollution. Various forms of urban landscapes, including waterfronts, were explored and the findings were used to inform the decisions that should be taken by policy makers in order to reduce air pollution. Besides, this information can be replicated and applied in other cities apart from Beijing to lead to a cleaner world and the environment in general.
1.2. Research Focus and Scope
The scope of this research was to explore the issue of air pollution in the city of Beijing. The research would also determine the extent to which landscape is a contributing factor to air pollution. In relation to this, the research explored possible ways through which landscape environment can be tailored in order to offer a solution to the problem of air pollution in the city. To achieve this, the research, among other things, explored the concepts of urban landscape and the environment, waterfront landscape and the environment, city park's landscape and the environment, the component of air pollution in the construction of a city, and how the future of the city is likely to change with regard to the need for clean air. The research explored these elements in as far as they concern the status of air pollution in the city. Through a research inquiry, these findings will be able to provide the researcher with responses to the areas of concern.
The research did not focus on other external factors that may be contributing factors to Beijing's state of air pollution, such as governmental regulations and any other regulations in the building and construction industry. Rather, the research only focused on how architectural landscape in the past and in the present and even in the future will play a role in enhancing the state of the city's air pollution or improving the status in order to achieve a cleaner environment than it is today.
1.2.1 Brief description of that urban landscape's contribution concerning air pollution
Studies have revealed that landscape can have effects on the concentration of PM2.5 in the environment. The landscape can also affect other class-level metrics (Reinhard, 1985b). The landscape of an area or location determines a lot about the presence or absence of PM2.5, which is the major pollutant factor in this case. Landscape involves various components including the buildings on land and how they are structured and positioned in a given location. Besides, other activities associated with urban centres, including construction and building processes, emit a lot of substance to the environment, which can affect the quality of air.
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