Housing Crisis: Urban Sprawl And Rental Housing Affordability (Essay Sample)
For the housing crises, rental housing affordability, foreclosures, and sprawl, you will write a short position paper that 1) addresses the context for the crisis, specifically by highlighting the planning decisions as well as social trends that got us to this point, 2) proposes one strategy to help ameliorate the crisis, 3) identifies one possible barrier to implementing this strategy and 4) suggests one way that this barrier could be overcome. Evidence (facts, examples, personal experiences, or expert opinions) should be provided to support claims made. References to at least three different required class readings and three different resources from outside the class must be made. Resources from outside the class can include non-required chapters in The Affordable Housing Reader, Housing Policy in the United States, and Urban Sprawl. All ideas and facts drawn from outside sources must be fully cited. The paper should be written in a publicly accessible style, such as a guest article in a newspaper or online magazine, and have a catchy, informative title. Aim to write between four and six double-spaced pages in Times New Roman 12 point font, Microsoft Word format. Position papers will be due on 2/23, 3/29, and 4/19. Undergraduate students will submit all position papers. Points for these assignments are given as follows: Paper
• Includes at least six citations: 10 points
• Addresses the context for the crisis: 20 points 3
• Proposes one remedial strategy: 20 points
• Identifies one barrier to implementation: 20 points
• Suggests how to overcome the barrier: 20 points
• Grammatical correctness and clarity: 10 points
Total 100 points
Housing Crisis: Urban sprawl and rental housing affordability
From the time of Stone Age man has had to depend on three essential things or needs: food, clothing and shelter. Thus even in today's world housing or shelter plays a fundamental part in man's living. The housing provides more than just shelter. House is loaded with figurative value or status. It is esteemed for its design, its location, and its access to amenities such as school, hospitals, recreation facilities and so forth. However, inadequate housing increases the weakness to a wide range of troubles such as health problems. Residential location can influence the quality of education because of the access housing provides to the best or worst schools. Also, crime is highly brought about by residential location also called urban sprawl. Moreover, one of the pervasive problems for low-income families is the high cost of housing which continues to escalate as days goes by. This paper will discuss the context of the housing crisis in America, highlight the planning decisions, social trends that led to the housing crisis. It will then discuss one strategy aimed at assisting in alienating the crisis and the possible barriers to this strategy. Finally, it will suggest how this obstacle will be removed.
For many Americans, the reality of housing instability has supplanted the long-standing trope of home ownership and the white picket fence. Wage stagnation, the rise of low-paying jobs and the loss of affordable housing stock have combined to create a market for increasingly unaffordable rentals. In the United States, households are viewed as having excessive housing cost when spending 30% or more of their income, families spending 50% or more of income on housing are identified as severely burdened by housing costs. In 2012, 15.6% of American households have been severely housing cost burdened. Housing cost burdens are highly concentrated in low-income families: among the severely burdened households, 73% of renters and 46% of homeowners earn less than 30% of the area median household income. Besides, it also seems that tenants are more likely to confront housing cost burdens: 24.7% of all renter households spent more than half of their income on housing compared to 10.5% of all homeowners in 2012; nearly 50% of renters and 31% owners spent 30% or more of their income on housing in 2011.
Individuals renting are experiencing an increase in rent on housing while their salaries or income remain stagnant. The fact that many affluent renters had purchased homes and the nation’s widening economic inequality contribute a lot to the diminishing revenues. The shrinking supply of affordable housing is the primary reason for the high rents. Since it is tough to maintain affordable low-income housing without subsidies, many private affordable housing owners choose demolition, rising rents and condominium conversions which would cause the number of inexpensive unsubsidized rental units to lag far behind demand. At the same time, federally subsidized public housings are also rapidly reducing because of widespread demolition and conversion of distressed projects to smaller, mix-income developments. Besides, the number of low-income households has also risen dramatically. Finally, the short supply and numerous demands lead to the high price of affordable rental houses.
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