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Religion & Theology
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Logical Argument (Essay Sample)


to provide a philosophical explanation about the existence of God

Logical Argument
 TOC \o "1-3" \h \z \u  HYPERLINK \l "_Toc418609863" Introduction  PAGEREF _Toc418609863 \h 2
 HYPERLINK \l "_Toc418609864" The existence of God  PAGEREF _Toc418609864 \h 2
 HYPERLINK \l "_Toc418609865" Rationale for the argument  PAGEREF _Toc418609865 \h 3
 HYPERLINK \l "_Toc418609866" Logical reasoning  PAGEREF _Toc418609866 \h 4
 HYPERLINK \l "_Toc418609867" Conclusion  PAGEREF _Toc418609867 \h 4
 HYPERLINK \l "_Toc418609868" References  PAGEREF _Toc418609868 \h 5

Logical Argument
Our lives are full of choices and decisions about what to believe. Each one of us prefers to believe what is true we do not always agree on what is actually true. We acquire most of our persuasions and principles in life through random means instead of reason, meaning all of us believe that those convictions are important (Hodges 23). Although certain statements and prepositions make up an argument, not all the statements contain some form of truth. In the case of logic or the logician, such statements can be either true or false, as the conversation shows. A reason is necessary for whatever outcome one takes (Hodges 23). The logician therefore tries to justify the condition under which something exists in order to make a logically relevant conclusion.
The existence of God
From the conversation, it is clear that the existence of God is necessary. An example is the logician’s statement that the laws of logic are an inherent necessity that one cannot alter (Hodges 23). They exist independent of the mind that is contemplating them. He is also of the opinion that something cannot be true and false at the same time, it has to be either and not both. This only means that either God exists or does not exist. One must give logical reason for whatever choice they make (Hodges 23). The question then becomes, how do we possibly make an account for the existence of something? When it comes to the existence of God, logic cannot prove His existence. Using logical reasoning, we find that God’s existence is necessary because God is the greatest being and it is therefore better to exist by necessity than by contingence. As a result, it would be impossible for God not to exist. In this argument, the existence of God is an analytical statement that cannot prove and need not prove (Kneale & Kneale 65).
Rationale for the argument
Philosophers explain the argument on the existence of God using a triangle. Every individual knows that three sides, which add up to 180 degrees, make a triangle (Hodges 23). That is how a triangle is without proof of drawing and measuring it. The logician gives the same explanation when it comes to mathematical concepts like the square root of nine being three. This reasoning does not apply to God because we cannot prove His existence (Hodges 23). He just exists, as the skeptic would put it. The reasoning depends on human’s faith and whether or not God exists does not really prove his existence. The human mind does not make up logical laws, meaning that for each the argument, the skeptic is not able to invent a rescuing device. As a result, he cannot also explain whether God exists or not. However, he is illogical but rather tries to be consistent with his position (Kneale & Kneale 65). Therefore, the skeptic believes that logical laws exist but he does not believe in the said laws. To him, the law simply exists in a bundle of inconsistencies.
Logical reasoning
Logic are rational statement that lay claim to particular truth and are adopted by people as a conventional logic (Cohen & Wartofsky 31). For instance, it is logical to claim that it is cold when one knows that cold accompanies snow. The abstract nature of cold accompanying snow helps define the concepts. The laws of logic therefore become abstract, immaterial, and universal. They are universal because they apply in all places all the time. The logician says that the absolute laws of logic are decided on by public opinion and are simply true because many people believe they are true. Similarly, the skeptic also says that logical absolutes are mere social conventions, meaning they are what societies agree upon as universal (Cohen & Wartofsky 31). Logical absolutes are thus principles that humans agree are valid. Many people can only believe s...
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