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Synthesis of Bromophenyl (Lab Report Sample)


Discussion of synthetic processes of an inorganic compound Synthesis of (1R,2S)-1-(m-Bromophenyl)-3-methyl-1,2-butanediol

Synthesis of (1R,2S)-1-(m-Bromophenyl)-3-methyl-1,2-butanediol
Synthesis of (1R,2S)-1-(m-Bromophenyl)-3-methyl-1,2-butanediol involves nine important steps.
Step I:
The reaction begins with the abstraction a chloride from 1-Chloro-3-methyl butane by the iron (III) chloride to from a carbanion. Since the Nitro-group is deactivated, the carbanion formed attacks the nitrobenzene at the meta-position (McMurry and Simanek 170).
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Step II:
Step II involves allylic bromination of benzene. N-Bromosuccinimide (NBS) is the reagent used commonly for this type of bromination as it provides a low concentration of molecular bromine. Each molecule of hydrogen bromide that is formed is converted into Br2 by NBS (Carey and Sunberg 371). Illumination of light facilitates the bromination process (Tabert 180).
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Step III:
This step involves the abstraction of a bromide to form a double bond potassium tert-butyl which is a strong, non-nucleophilic base.
Step IV:
This step involves epoxidation of alkenes using a peroxy acid. The reaction is regioselective since the t...
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