Origin of Uganda and Tanzania’s Conflict (Other (Not Listed) Sample)
Select any african president and discuss different themes about him or her. The sample is about idi amin who was once a president.source..
Idi Amin was born in 1925 in Kokobo, Western Nile province in Uganda. He joined the military from 1940 to 1970 when he withdrew the leader and declared himself the leading president. Amin ruled the country from 1971 to 1979, whereby he lived a luxurious life during his tenure and contributed to the falling of the country's economy. Similarly, he is looking forward to staying in power by every means despite the violation of human rights and mass killings around the country. In 1979 there was a downfall of his regime, and he fled to Libya, and later disappeared to Saudi Arabia, and succumbed on 16th August 2003. According to (n.a 2020), Amin's regime was full of strenuous activities. In his early life, he joined the African Rifles of the British colonial army in 1946, when he started his services. Amin served in British, where he worked in solidarity with Britain in opposition to the Mau Mau revolution in Kenya between 1952 and 1956. He was one of the Ugandan soldiers ranking high in the country before it gained independence in 1962 when he was closely associated with the country's Prime Minister Milton Obote. On 25th January 1971, Amin engaged in a military coup with Obote and became the nation’s president and the chief of armed forced the same year. However, in 1975 he joined the field marshal and started ruling in 1976 by delegating power and disrupted changes. This article will explore the origin of Amin based on various aspects like the Uganda and Tanzania conflict, his anarchy and tyranny, command of the economy, foreign support, and the fall of his regime.
Origin of Uganda and Tanzania’s Conflict
In Uganda, there was a rise of war and coup d'état, which promoted Amin to become the president in power in January 1971. Before Obote's overthrow, Julius Nyerere experienced a close relationship with him, and they engaged in socialism by coming up with policies. Conversely, Nyerere declined to recognize the regime from Kampala from Obote with other Tanzania supporters; within no time, rivalry ensued. In September 1972, some armed advocates of Obote entered Uganda from northwest of Tanzania to support Nyerere (Roberts 2014 p.693). When Amin noticed 1,000 army officers, he responded and bombed all the Tanzanian towns close to the border. Tanzanian generals advised Nyerere to settle the conflict and was pursued by Somali's President Barre. On the 5th October 1975, the two countries inscribed an Agreement dabbed Mogadishu to agree and withdraw their troops in the border and cease supporting the forces to engage in hostility with other regimes.
Nevertheless, after signing the agreement, the two countries reduced hostility. Nyerere declined to share a platform with Amin by failing to go to Kampala during an OAU summit chaired by Amin in 1975. After seven years of violence and arbitrary governance, Uganda experienced a collapse of its economy. The residents of Asian origin were forced to flee the country; all their businesses were entitled to African descent. Terror attacks continued in Uganda, and opponents were executed and denied their rights and responsibilities, such as security, while some murdered; as Roberts (2014 p. 694) discusses, Amnesty international claims that Amin's regime led to the killing of approximately 300 000 people. Amin was held accountable for all the deaths during his rule due to increased hostility and anarchic conditions in the country from ethnic massacres and settlement of private entities. Besides, the army officers were demoted from high-ranking positions. Amin survived a coup attempt and disintegrated the collapse of the economy, and led to the drying of military channels and essential patronage.
Anarchy and Tyranny
The citizens of Uganda welcomed Amin's coup. They had great hopes that he could unify them, and Western nations like Britain, who had feared to spread communism, were grateful after Obote's overthrowing. Significantly, Amin promised the citizens that he could restore civilian governments within five years; little did they know the problems they would experience from his leadership. Amin had acquired Western education but did not have training as an officer; therefore, he used violence to maintain his leading position. Commercial enterprises suffered under his rule since they were issued to army officers and squandered the resources leading to the collapse of the businesses. Residents in the countryside lived in a broken economy while those in towns applied dishonesty to survive. The dropping of Uganda's economy leads to criticism towards the government and an increase in coup attempts. Amin focused on diverting attention from a decline in the economy by launching an attack on Tanzania in October 1978 with assistance from Ugandan exile.
Idi Amin was a heroic evil and a villain who was subject to applause and denunciation. Amin was a symbol of tyranny, whereby hundreds of people died during his rule. Economically, Amin tried to strike a blow for Uganda to overcome dependency and foreign control of the economy (Mazrui 1980 p.44). Later, he signed a cultural reaffirmation and authenticity and helped the country acquire self-discovery and in other African nations. Amin rebelled against the domination of northern powers and structures of governance in the 20th century. Similarly, he signified leverage in liberal values and the western culture in the nationalistic understanding of the third world countries. Between 1971 and April 1979, Uganda experienced anguish because of the tyranny exercised by Amin and led to the normative collapse of the anarchy. Amin exercised an inappropriate balance between tyranny and anarchy because of his personality and malicious activities.
Uganda’s Command Economy
Amin's government officials in the country did not leverage powers to their subjects; instead, they constrained all the resources available at their disposal. Kampala city did not have any funding, and instead, the authorities relied on self-aid to construct their headquarters. Therefore, the county chiefs used to spend one day in collective work excavating sand and building blocks to construct the offices (Peterson & Taylor 2013 p.64). All the government-related work involved the activities of the citizens and officers. The authorities did not supply the leaders with the necessary funds for building their offices and improving the infrastructures. Also, the treasurers did not have the essential bookkeeping tools such as revenue records, rubbers stamp, and cash books which led to falling in the tax revenue in the country. In December 1972, the government officers launched a newspaper to air their grievances and connect with them. The nation's leaders relied on every word from banned radio stations and the newspaper to understand every fact and the government's contribution.
Nevertheless, in 1971 countries such as Britain, Israel, and United States were optimistic over the events that took place since they had engaged in the coup and would recognize the prosperous fortune. Besides, the two countries got in trouble since they were deprived of the forces acquired during Obote's tenure in Sudan and were supplying the Anyanya guerilla. After the expulsion of Asian citizens who had businesses in the country who acted as intermediaries of British interests, they joined Israel to eliminate the regime (n.a 1979 p.907). Britain and Israel's economic embargo aimed at eliminating Uganda from international markets, which required super-powers cooperation. Amin's regime survived only with assistance from imperial powers but late
- The Letter That Was Written By Albert Einstein To President RooseveltDescription: The task involved answering the given questions after reading the letter that was written by Albert Einstein to President Roosevelt. The sample is about the letter that Einstein wrote to President Roosevelt concerning the need for the united states to make a nuclear bomb....2 pages/≈550 words| 1 Source | Chicago | History | Other (Not Listed) |