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Life Sciences
Research Paper
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Erythropoietin (EPO), Its Influence on Performance, and The USADA Stance on EPO (Research Paper Sample)


In January 2013, Lance Armstrong confessed to using performance enhancing drugs (PEDs) while competing and winning the Tour de France cycling competition over seven years. He has been stripped of his titles and banned from the sport for life.
One of the drugs he has confessed to using is Erythropoietin (EPO), a natural occuring hormone used by the medical community to treat a number of health conditions.
Your task is to thoroughly research EPO and its use as a performance enhancing drug by athletes and write an opinion paper based on your findings.
Things to consider when researching and writing your paper:
What EPO is, how it works in the body and how the body rids itself of this hormone.
How does the use of EPO use enhance an athlete's performance?
What are the possible risks (if any) associated with EPO use?
What is the United States Anti-Doping Agency's (USADA) stance on the use of EPO?
In your opinion, what are some of the negative social and economic impacts associated with the use of PEDs by professional athletes?
Why would athletes risk the type of negative consequences experienced by Lance Armstrong? In your opinion is it worth it?
Below are a couple of links to sites that may help you in organizing your opinion paper. If you have any questions, please contact your teacher.


EPO blood Doping
Student’s Name
EPO blood Doping
The use of performance-enhancing drugs (PEDs) has occurred in professional athletes over the years. According to Humphreys & Ruseski (2011, p. 208), many athletes administer various doping methods that continuously become very difficult to uncover. Some of these regimes of doping used are unsafe. For instance, in 2013, Lance Armstrong hit the frontline in many newspapers for the wrong reasons. He confessed to using Erythropoietin (EPO) to enhance his performance when he won the Tour de France cycling competition. He went from hero to cheat overnight (The Guardian, 2012). This paper assesses Erythropoietin (EPO), its influence on performance, and the United States Anti-Doping Agency's (USADA) stance on EPO.

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