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APA
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Psychology
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Research Paper
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English (U.S.)
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Topic:

Academic And Developmental Impact Of Bullying Primary School Children In Australia (Research Paper Sample)

Instructions:

The paper is a research summary and it was about using child development theories to explain the current state of bullying in Australian primary schools. The paper also demanded an explanation for the factors that contribute to bullying and how it affects children's learning and development in a school setting.

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Content:

Bullying in Australian Primary Schools
Student's Name
Institution
Executive Summary
Australia has good learning models but despite that many cases of children being bullied have been reported. This paper uses theoretical concepts to assess the different parts of bullying including the types, causes, implications and even recommendations. The paper shows how children develop their behaviour from peers, family and the larger society. It uses Bronfenbrenner's ecological system theory, Piaget's theory and Kohlberg's stages of development in the analysis.
This paper analyses in details the academic and developmental impact of bullying primary school children in Australia. It also ascertains that bullying has negative effects which need to be eradicated by using the best behavioural models that can change others' perceptions about the matter.
Bullying in Australian Primary Schools
1 Introduction
It is sad that in a developed world where people condemn different forms of discrimination, bullying exists even in primary schools. Most primary school students in Australia suffer in the hands of bullies at very high rates. A large number of Australian primary school children get bullied by their peers. Bullying has adverse effects on children's development and learning. According to Bronfenbrenner's ecological system theory, interactions within the child's environment like the community around him affect his development. Kohlberg's stages of development show how reasoning changes with stages and finally there is Piaget's theory which focuses on how reasoning levels of children change as they acquire new ways of understanding the world. Different theories describe bullying and provide ways of eradicating it from the Australian primary school. The study also analyses the types of bullying, factors leading to it, impacts and recommendations for change.
The rationale for the Study
The paper intends to eliminate the gap that exists in the literature about how different aspects of bullying affects Australian primary school students. The study further provides a clear analysis of theories in understanding the problem and some solutions which are important for teachers who can learn about bullying in details. The implications also focus on finding the best behavioural model to assist in countering the problem together with its effects.
2. Findings
Main Facts about Bullying
Bullying represents threats, aggressive behaviour, coercion, blackmail, or even intimidation against others with the aim of controlling them. It could be done by a group of students or a single person. Different factors usually motivate the behaviour, and it gets done repeatedly. In some cases, bullying is motivated by third parties who witness the actions since the perpetrators want to feel superior. The reasons for being bullied include physical appearance, peer pressure, and social factors. It comes in many types and cyberbullying is the most recent type in Australia since the perpetrators bully others by use of the internet CITATION Kol14 \l 1033 (Kolawski, Giumetti, Schroeder, & Latanner, 2014). Other types include physical, verbal and social bullying which is done through spreading rumours. Children who bully others at school are mainly after power since they feel in control when hurting their fellow students. It could provide satisfaction, or it could also be meant to harm others by making them distressed.
Factors Contributing to Bullying
Family
The Bronfenbrenner model states that children's families are the closest and most influential part of their lives. Therefore, families majorly affect the behaviors that children adopt. Even though some children are victimised and traumatised by their family members contributing to bullying, some are encouraged through what they see. Children learn from observation and imitation. Therefore, viewing people according to social classes, gender, or races is a deciding factor on what they comprehend. Also, the society is changing, and parents are not doing enough to socialise their children with the right morals.
Social Factors
The society has a role of contributing social values and legislation to enable children to develop positively. These roles have however been abandoned and therefore it has failed to deal with bullying in schools. When societies fail to provide regulations and roles that control the behavior of children, they could end up bullying and controlling others since there is no clear boundary between what is right and wrong CITATION Hel00 \l 1033 (Helsen, Vollebergh, & Meeus, 2000). Also, societies are inclined towards vertical collectivism which serves the interest of one group at the expense of another. This could be religious, economic, gender, academic competence or political and when children grow up in such societies, they end up bullying peers from other groups . Furthermore, research shows that children who receive maximum social support have normal positive behavior while those who are aggressive tend to lack it CITATION Hel00 \l

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