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The Royal Chitwan Park: Critique of the Background, The Statement of Need, Scope of Proposed Plan (Research Paper Sample)


Analysis of the Royal Chitwan National Park strategy flaws and recommendation of the way forward

Position statement
Implementing the proposed Chitwan and protected land’s policies and interventions requires a well-structured coordination of the processes within the scheduled plan. Additionally, the process assumes the availability of adequate resources to support the strategy implementation process. As such, this section explores these assumptions while critically putting the concept into perspective.
Successful implementation of the plan assumes that: 1) there is adequate technical and financial resources support the implementation of the plan, 2) the National Tourism Board will lobby adequate buy-in from all the necessary stakeholders, 3) effective policy framework will be enacted to facilitate transition management between the present system to the proposed plan, and 4) the proposed park management policy and plan will not adversely affect tourist activity into the park.
Critique of the background
Despite being UNESCO recognized as a world-class natural ecosystem, the Royal Chitwan National Park still faces numerous challenges faced by minor parks across the globe. In their composition, these encompass human-animal conflict, poor management and threat of human destruction among others. A critical review presented in the discussion paper indicates that though the park has struggled through them this far, it still faced them over five decades ago. However, despite the progress made, McLean (1999) notes the slow pace at which the park uses in manoeuvring its way to the top. According to Mishra (1982), the park should readily be operating over and above these common challenges. In fact, Nepal and Weber (1995) note that with the park’s current status, more than just dealing with normal challenges day in-day-out is required. And in essence, Hjortso, Straede, and Helles (2006) observes that its only through the creation of permanent solutions to these challenges that can free the park for its optimal performance.
In response to the concerns affecting the park, Poitras and Getz (2006) note the park’s present strategy is not all-inclusive. As a result, Poudyal, Rothley and Knowler (2009) iterate that the park’s present strategy risks depriving the next generations their natural heritage. Surviving through the challenges in the present day requires astute planning and on-course execution of workable schedules (Curry et al. 2001).
Critique of the statement of need
To effectively manage commercial tourism, trendy issues and other emerging tourism-related concerns require astute planning and a firm policy implementation (Orozco & Gall 2015). However, as noted by Cernat and Gourdon (2007), though a great asset to the tourism industry, such stringent measures can equally limit tourism activity. Nonetheless, all these previous researches point to the concern that the current policy requirements are at times too porous to adequately protect both the domestic and foreign tourism (Farrell & Twining-Ward 2005, 112). Besides, the situation is stated as worsened by the increased cyber-tourism activity; often referred as mobile tourism where policy implementation is both difficult and almost impossible to enforce and implement (Casbeard & Booth 2012, p.7).
After many years of concerted efforts in protecting RCNP, losing the protectionist battle can detrimentally harm the future of Nepal’s tourism (Adhikari 2002). This is not only due to the immense benefits associated with the UNESCO World Heritage site but also the unique challenges associated with protected lands (Gunn 2004). As Mishra (1982) iterates, the success of the parks and other protected lands is greatly impacted by the park’s protectionist policy framework. As such, there is a dire need to enact, implement and enforce a universal policy framework that safeguards the parks and protected lands without disenfranchising the roles of interested parties and the immediate human activity (Poitras & Getz 2006). An obvious concern with regard to this is achieving a healthy relationship between humans and the game (Mishra 1982). If Cernat & Gourdon’s (2007) suggestion is anything to go by, this can only be effectively achieved in the light of adequate policy ratification and uncensored (unselective) implementation (p.12).
Besides having a well-thought out policy framework, there is also need to create workable implementations plans which optimize animal and human safety while increasing the revenues associated with the park (Wang 1999). At the center of this is the increased mobile tourism which leads to increased lost revenues due to undeservedly high cyber-tourism activity. However, as Wang’s (1999) rethought concept indicates, proper policing has been suggested to hold numerous benefits as far as bringing sanity in the park and other tourist destinations is concerned (p.367).
As noted by Dabour (2003) and several other respected journals on tourism, commercial tourism is on the verge of transformation from the traditional operational paradigms to a fresh new concept. As such, Orozco and Gall (2015) finds it critical to establish adequate policy frameworks that safeguard stakeholder interests without disenfranchising tourist experience. This way, a more elaborate policy framework that is less scrofulous and creates a conservationist environment is required (Gunn 2004).
Critique of the scope of proposed plan
Effective policy direction to a wholesome management of the park, diverse policy ramifications is required. Among the most critical ones are those meant to monitor human-animal conflict, movement of communities living in the park’s neighbourhood as well as those relating to poaching. Though this may not fully curb the menace, it will at least restore sanity in the park and other protected lands. Besides, the park requires effective management in which all operations are streamlined in line with the scheduled operations. Through a novelty of approaches where stakeholder agglomeration, policy making, implementation and evaluation as well as effective policy review, the report presents a unique approach to the solution. Presently, our stakeholder consideration ...
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