Defining Knowledge and Social Reality (Term Paper Sample)
THESE WERE THE INSTRUCTIONS
FIRST IN-CLASS TEST
SOSC 1000 6.0 Introduction to Social Science
Instructor: Jan Krouzil PhD
June 3, 2021
Time: 2:30-4:00 pm
PART I Terms and concepts (4%)
Select two items (2% each) from the below list of ten, (1) define and (2) briefly characterise each, and (3) relate its relevance to one of the main themes raised in Section I of the course.
(cca 150 words per each item)
1. ‘true justified belief’
2. tacit and explicit knowledge
3. social epistemology
5. scientific realism and anti-scientific realism
6. practical intelligibility
7. embodied experience
8. Gemeinschaft and Gesellschaft
9. processual and relational
10. seven principles of non-representational theory (NRT)
PART II Essay-type question (6%)
From the three questions listed below select and respond to one (6% ) in an essay-type format. (cca 250 words per item)
1. What specific role do cultural beliefs and biases play in the creation of ‘knowledge’ in social science?
2. DEFINE THE TERM 'SOCIAL REALITY' What does it mean to speak of ‘society’? What are the key criticisms of the concept of ‘society’?
In what sense, if any, does contemporary Canadian society approximate ‘community’ and how?
3. What is the main concern and focus of hermeneutic phenomenology and in what sense is
this approach to social science relevant?
1. The objective of the 1st Test Online is to demonstrate sound comprehension of the course material and a rigorous application of analytical, evaluative, and writing skills.
2. It is expected that students’ answers draw on Section I course material, including
lectures online, required readings, lecture slides, and videos shown lectures online or posted on the course Moodle/eClass website.
3. Formal citation of sources is not expected, but in-text references are encouraged.
4. Students are reminded to abide by York University’s academic integrity policies.
THE PAPER CONSISTS OF ANSWERS TO PART ONE TERM 2 AND TERM 4 AS WELL AS THE ANSWER TO PART 2 QUESTION 2
Implicit and explicit knowledge
Define the term social reality
“What is the main concern and focus of hermeneutic phenomenology and in what sense is this approach to social science relevant?”
Tacit knowledge refers to the ability embedded in the human mind through experience and jobs, and it knows how to do something; once obtained, it becomes impossible to forget (crash course, 2016). In contrast, explicit knowledge is the information present in books that one needs to learn to understand, and it is transferrable to other people.
The main characteristic of tacit knowledge is that it is hard to capture and codified as in the human mind; it is obtained through cognitive and experimental learning, unlike the explicit understanding easily transferable due to its nature of being readily available electronic devices and books. Detailed knowledge can be found in high volumes, but tacit knowledge requires different human interpretations, making it difficult to access (Ucl, 2021).
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