Marx Weber's Legitimate Rules: Charismatic, Traditional, and Rational-Legal Authority (Term Paper Sample)
Compare and contrast Weber’s types of Legitimate domination. Discuss specifically each types strengths and weakness. Be sure to provide contemporary concrete examples of each type. Citing example (Marx 18xx)source..
Weber’s Legitimate Rules
Weber’s Legitimate Rules
Weber’s types of Legitimate domination
Marx Weber, a German sociologist, and economist wrote an essay on three types of legitimate rule. In his writing, Weber explains the tripartite classification of authority globally identified as Weber's types of legitimate domination. According to Weber traditional, charismatic, and rational-legal constitutes the three forms of legitimate authority. Guzmán (2015) suggests that rational-legal authority involves the judicially and administratively applied system of rules alongside known principles. Individuals responsible for the discharge of legal authority are either elected or appointed through legal procedures. Interestingly, rational-legal authority limits the powers of superiors in both private and official duties. In contrast, Weber defines traditional authority as a legitimate system and form of power that has existed since the long-standing beliefs, norms, values, and practices of a society (Guzmán, 2015). Unlike legal authority, traditional authority is inherited and individuals enjoy the privilege upon ascending to any form of power. Tradition authority is granted to individuals regardless of qualifications. Besides, traditional authority is enjoyed in society based on religious beliefs and doctrines. Weber stresses that most communities believed that leaders are anointed by God; thus, the authority is inherited from a supreme Creature.
Unlike legal authority and traditional authority, charismatic power is based on the traits of a leader. The charisma of leaders in particular setups links followers to obey, respect, and heed the voices of leaders. According to Guzmán (2015), charismatic authority can rise from prophetic, heroic, and magical influences of leaders in given societies. Charismatic authority is quite similar to rational-legal authority because both systems of authority depend on the right attributes of leadership. Charismatic authority; however, is distinct from traditional and rational-legal authority because it applies neither legal nor traditional rules in directing and guiding a given number of followers. Charismatic leaders only show devotion to leadership. In Weber's opinion, charismatic and traditional authority are similarly based on the belief that a leader is chosen by God. Meaning both Charismatic and traditional authority assumes that leadership is a call.
Charismatic leadership builds the courage of followers in sharing their problems with rulers. A charismatic leader is approachable; therefore, people have opportunities of interacting directly with the authority. The connection between leaders and followers creates courage of problem-talking and solving. Secondly, charismatic authorities fill communication gaps among rulers and their subjects. Leaders incorporating charismatic traits in workplace environments or communities issue their subjects with the will to communicate their challenges. (Guzmán, 2015). Charismatic authority promotes inclusivity in decision-making; followers should be part of all decisions made within societal or organizational settings. The only way to achieve the desire of making decisions is by implementing chromatic systems of
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