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4 pages/≈1100 words
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Chicago
Subject:
Technology
Type:
Thesis Proposal
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English (U.S.)
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Topic:

A Case Study for Northern Kenya (Thesis Proposal Sample)

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The purpose of this research and model was to deliver the desired active and reactive energy and power to the grid whereas sustaining the steadiness of the dc-link voltage of the photovoltaic and the system of energy storage via harmonized control of power converters.

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Modeling a Hybrid photovoltaic solar Power generation and distribution system: a case study for Northern Kenya
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Abstract
In the current world, development and growth has rapidly hit the third world countries hence making the demand for electric power to be very lofty. However, in some developing states, power generation, supply and distribution has remained a great challenge. This is so due to the fact that such states solely depend on water generated electricity, which makes its distribution to the arid areas hectic and intricate. It is inline with such argument that this thesis proposal intends to propose a model for Hybrid photovoltaic solar Power generation and distribution system in such areas with the exclusive aim of eradicating such limiting factors. The chosen area for this proposed model is in Turkana County, in the arid Northern Kenya region. For effectiveness in energy generation from a solar PV system, this proposal intends to cover its generation, conversion from gadgets through grid assimilation. The purpose of this research and model is to deliver the desired active and reactive energy and power to the grid whereas sustaining the steadiness of the dc-link voltage of the photovoltaic and the system of energy storage via harmonized control of power converters. In addition, this proposed research and model intends to explore three diverse synchronized control systems and approaches for grid assimilation of PV array, super-capacitor, and battery storage.
Introduction
With reference to previous literature and studies, it is worth argument that demand for solar power is rapidly growing as a counter measure for inadequacies in hydroelectric power among other expensive sources of power. Technically, a grid-attached solar photovoltaic system comprises of a PV generator that generates electricity from sunlight, which is converted for extraction and distribution through the grid system control. A solar cell can be described as that smallest unit of a PV generator, which when such cells are connected in parallel and series forms a large PV generator. Unlike other sources of energy such as fuel, where manipulation can take place, solar energies are never influenced in any way, hence maximizing its efficiency.[Global Trends in Sustainable Energy Investment 2007, United Nations EnvironmentProgram/New Energy Finance Ltd. 2007] [J. Nelson, The Physics of Solar Cells, London: Imperial College press, 2003.] [A. Mills, M. Ahlstrom, M. Brower, A. Ellis, R. George, T. Hoff, B. Kroposki, C. Lenox,N. Miller, M. Milligan, J. Stein, and Y. Wan, "Dark Shadows”, IEEE Power and EnergyMagazine, May- June 2011]
This sector however is subjected to a number of technical shortcomings that are ought to be conquered in all possible ways, if such renewable energy is to be delivered in considerable quantities. One important facilitator of this technology is control, as long as consumption of renewable power is put into scrutiny. PV power entails proper use of highly developed control techniques. In general, safe and efficient assimilation of photovoltaic scheme cannot be attained without widespread use of control technologies at all stages. Notably, contrary to solar thermal panels which bear with shading, photovoltaic modules express intensive sensitivity range.
Statement of the problem
Regardless of the huge hydroelectric capacity of Kenya, development has become less practical in arid and semi-arid areas of this state, reason being the fact t that hydroelectric power distribution has not been realized in these areas. It is estimated that only 17% of the area of study, Turkana County, has its residents accessing the hydroelectric power. This has turned out to have a direct impact on the economic condition of this region.[Energy, W. W. (2009) World Wind Energy, Worldwide installed capacity and. Retrieved from]
With reference to previous literature(to be covered in literature review chapter) as well as covered studies with respect to PV solar power generation, this proposal intends to reflect on the following problems as well as coming up with proper solutions:
* Typically the conversion competence of generated electric power is much diminished, arguably subjected under minimal irradiation situations.
* The fact that the generated power becomes directly proportional to the intensity of the solar rays would greatly affect the efficiency of the power output
* Factors such as temperature, irradiance and drawn current would keep varying, hence the challenges in achieving steady and balanced input/output resources
* The study may be limited to geographical/climate conditions of the study area
Research Objective
The experimental objectives of this proposal are based on the following:
To deliver the desired active and reactive energy and power to the grid whereas sustaining the steadiness of the dc-link voltage of the photovoltaic and the system of energy storage via harmonized control of power converters. In addition, this proposed research and model intends to explore three diverse synchronized control systems and approaches for grid assimilation of PV array, super-capacitor, and battery storage.
Methodology
This chapter will define the proposed model together with all the components of the proposed Hybrid photovoltaic solar Power generation. The figure below is a simple schematic illustrating the processing to be involved right from generation through consumption. Generally, a PV unit comprises of unified PV cells encapsulated amid a black plate and a weather-proof covering.
GENERATION
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