Gender Testing in Sports (Thesis Sample)
This task is about writing thesis regarding Gender Testing in Sports. The growing dissatisfaction with human rights practices based on gender testing in sports has become infamous, causing a gap between justice and gender in sports. In recent years, there has been much controversy regarding human rights violations in sports, and this comes after several campaigns launched to promote gender equality in sports. However, no legal measure has been taken to help promote human rights in protecting gender rights. When choosing how to protect athletes' human rights, recent years have seen an increase in the focus on promoting those rights, which has led to a regulatory problem. Policy disputes on transgender and intersex recognition have elevated the matter to the forefront of current debates.source..
Gender Testing in Sports
Gender Testing in Sports
The growing dissatisfaction with human rights practices based on gender testing in sports has become infamous, causing a gap between justice and gender in sports. In recent years, there has been much controversy regarding human rights violations in sports, and this comes after several campaigns launched to promote gender equality in sports. However, no legal measure has been taken to help promote human rights in protecting gender rights. When choosing how to protect athletes' human rights, recent years have seen an increase in the focus on promoting those rights, which has led to a regulatory problem. Policy disputes on transgender and intersex recognition have elevated the matter to the forefront of current debates. Because of this change, there are no conflicts with the conventional binary systems of sports such as men vs. women. While the inclusion of non-conformers like intersex and transgender athletes has caused a global debate about science and athletic advantage, a little discussion about human rights and legislation has taken place. The question of combining sporting goals with the preservation of athletes' human rights as they increasingly discover their voice and assertion of rights comes to light. Several female athletes have been victims of injustice in sports because of their biological makeup. Based on an article by Human Rights Watch, Negesa and Semenya female athletes are victims of injustice in sports as they exiled from their respective sporting events due to their sex. My thesis is gender testing in sports since its inception has been subject to critics including the reliability, ethics and validity of tests that have chased away potential athletes and other players from participating in in sports making it unlawful.
This topic interests me because, in recent years, women in sports have campaigned on equal pay and equal opportunities; however, very little has been done on those addressing campaigns. Therefore, by writing this assignment, I aim to provide a comprehensive analysis of controversies surrounding gender testing, which has contributed to discrimination, humiliation, and privacy violation of rights because of abnormalities in human fluids and body structure. This topic is also important to me since, with extensive research, I will be able to show how the human rights of players violated when they subjected to compulsory gender testing. Also, it is essential to research what laws and regulations have been put in place to govern and protect gender testing in sports. With the help of scholarly sources such as journals, articles, and books, I will defend my thesis. The identified five sources will help me develop argumentative and clear explanations to defend my topic without leaving any gaps.
In today's sporting era, gender testing in sports is essential for both men and women. However, the gender test discriminates against humanity because it restricts sports participants regardless of gender. Although reliable, the distribution of chromosomes, hormones, and structures differs between men and women, so sex tests may not give sufficient results. Gender testing in sports is unfair because it is worthless due to the lack of supporting guidelines. The gender test theorem may or may not be correlated. Different gender verification tests will give different results. Talking about gender testing provides knowledge about how to adopt science in sports.[Vanessa Heggie, Testing sex and gender in sports; reinventing, reimagining, and reconstructing histories, 34, ISO4, 157, 157-162, 2010.]
However, arguments do not consist of consensus when you give different knowledge in the same problem. Sexual testing is considered a tech process because it recognizes activities that benefit physiology "men" by athletes. In principle, men and women with existing experiences in sports are more physics. Similarly, women who participate in sports are men than those who have not participated.
The possibility of a man dressing as a woman is a general norm and is considered ridiculous by both attendees and the general public. It has established that men who aspire to be women in sports will later become men. It creates ambiguity for the external genitalia, probably due to androgens and chromosomes. Nonetheless, sex tests have defeated the first method of physical examination to determine gender. It, in turn, led to the testing of sex chromatin. Women have a single mass of X chromosomes, but men do not. However, some women do not have X-chromosomes. Therefore, the chromatin test unreasonably restricts women with only one Xchromatin from participating in sports. The International Commission on Sports has proposed an alternative assessment, but the follow-up has never completed. Athletes may choose to withdraw and limit their ability to participate in competitions because they could not regain their qualifications. Chromatin test sounds effective but excludes certain competitor scenarios.
Sports organizations worldwide think that human character separated into two genders: male and female. Gender testing techniques are dependent on historical preconceptions and idealism's underlying beliefs. Therefore, this is discriminatory. Due to the gender testing procedure, many candidates will disqualify. Despite the secret consequences, many athletes drop out of competition for fear of not meeting the criteria. Ideally, INTERSEX and TransGender individuals should classify into competitive sports categories. Currency on scientific and medical knowledge is an "objective" judgment of an athlete that participates in the event at event viewing events. These discretions reflect the large betrayal of human, culture, and social prejudice. Sex testing in sports Ideology is becoming a conflict site for female drugs and rights activists. Gender testing is a sensitive point for gender scams and testing initiating. All of these issues remain obligatory to meet the needs of special scenarios. You need to resolve possible mechanisms for resolving existing conditions. All sports organizations are inconsistent but have not taken steps to meet the needs of transgender people. Gender tests present unequal situations in sports competitions, often interpreted by changing the usual story.[Human Rights Watch, hrw.org, https://www.hrw.org/report/2020/12/04/theyre-chasing-us-away-sport/human-rights-violations-sex-testing-elite-women (last visited Mar. 26, 2022)]
The gender of a child is usually identified at birth based on the child's sexual traits. Men usually have different structural characteristics compared to women. Newborn men have high levels of testosterone, and women have estrogen. However, as the child grows up, hormonal responses differ, leading to deviations. For example, when a man develops his breasts and hips, he becomes wider. Under normal circumstances, it can be difficult to distinguish between genders. Women can also develop a masculine appearance as a secondary step. Therefore, sex testing is important to determine the true gender of such an individual. In such scenarios, athletes are discriminated against, whether male or female.
Scientists present strong evidence to challenge gender testing in sports as a standard approach to grouping women and men. Being an athlete is a talent that needs to nurture. All sides should criticize the refusal to participate due to gender inequality. Therefore, the test program must ensure completeness. It argued that the gender-verified approach to intersex and transgender sex was sneaky. Because of its humiliating aspect, it asks you to abandon the trial. Current politics seeks to level human energy, which is considered evil. If you do not follow the guidelines, the athlete will disqualify from the competition. Gender testing in sports sounds vague and discriminatory for all reasons of human perception and judgment. It is important to use other approaches when assessing athletes to contain existing situations. However, men are stronger than women, so a solution that ignores gender equality is discriminatory. In most cases, complaint groups recognize two genders in a single competition.
In 2011, the International Athletics Federation developed guidelines that differences in athletic performance between men and women primarily lead to higher levels of androgen hormones in men, leading to strength and development. Men's and women's sports separated primarily to create a fair arena and competition. The guidelines developed by the International Athletics Federation proposed to maintain the same fairness and equality as competition, including three-step diagnosis. The first step is a medical history and physical examination. This level requires a series of questions about a person's history, including genetic characteristics, followed by a physical examination by a doctor.
The second level is the endocrine assessment, which requires blood and urine samples to analyze specific androgen hormones. The third level is only needed if levels 1 and 2 return abnormally, based on expectations of biological women. Stage 3 is a complete assessment that includes additional genetic and hormonal laboratory work. Indian sprinter Dutee Chand and Spanish athlete Mario Jose Martinez Patino were victims of genetic testing. Mario Jose Martinez Patino, who has undergone chromosome testing, has XY chromosomes, making her a so-called "man”.
These two women were humiliated in public and suffered mental and identity difficulties. Dutee Chand was summoned to her director's office for a DNA test. Her outstanding performance in Taiwan has prompted athletes and coaches to report her body to the fed...