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12 pages/≈3300 words
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Level:
APA
Subject:
Health, Medicine, Nursing
Type:
Article Critique
Language:
English (U.S.)
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Topic:

Why Are Nurses Leaving? Findings from an Initial Qualitative Study on Nursing Attrition (Article Critique Sample)

Instructions:

This gives an article critique By examining the factors that are leading to RNs leaving clinical nursing practice.

source..
Content:

Qualitative Research Article Critique: Why Are Nurses Leaving? Findings from an Initial Qualitative Study on Nursing Attrition
Table of Contents TOC \o "1-3" \h \z \u Introduction PAGEREF _Toc430988354 \h 3Substantive and Theoretical Dimensions PAGEREF _Toc430988355 \h 3Problem and Significance PAGEREF _Toc430988356 \h 3Conceptual Framework PAGEREF _Toc430988357 \h 4Research Question PAGEREF _Toc430988358 \h 4Literature review PAGEREF _Toc430988359 \h 4Methodological Dimensions PAGEREF _Toc430988360 \h 5Ethical Dimensions PAGEREF _Toc430988361 \h 6Interpretive Dimensions PAGEREF _Toc430988362 \h 7Presentation and Stylistic Dimension PAGEREF _Toc430988363 \h 10Limitations PAGEREF _Toc430988364 \h 10References PAGEREF _Toc430988365 \h 11
Qualitative Research Article Critique: Why Are Nurses Leaving? Findings from an Initial Qualitative Study on Nursing Attrition
Introduction
In her article Why Are Nurses Leaving? Findings from an Initial Qualitative Study on Nursing Attrition, MacKusick (2010) outlines the fact there is a nursing shortage that remains problematic, however, research with nurses no longer in clinical practice is rare.  This study focused was to understand the factors that are influencing the decision of registered nurses (RNs) to leave clinical nursing.  MacKusick’s report indicates a phenomenological research design was done in order to disclose the complex phenomena persuading the RNs’ choices to leave clinical nursing practice.  During the course of the study, certain themes emerged from the data which were collected and coded – these themes are charted in the results section of the report.  As these themes are developing, they permit the researcher to inductively produce hypotheses which result, essentially, in a grounded theory regarding the reason why nurses are leaving the profession. 
Substantive and Theoretical Dimensions
Problem and Significance
The problem of the study is implied in the abstract and the introduction, and it is obviously and openly stated in the ‘Method’ sector of the report. Here, the researcher states that the problem of the research was "was to identify the factors that are influencing the decision of RNs to leave clinical nursing practice (MacKusick, 2010).  Particularly, as noted in the abstract, the focus of the study rested primarily on nurses leaving their professions and never coming back "strategies the hospitals try to apply to try and make the nurses stay" (MacKusick, 2010). By examining the factors that are leading to RNs leaving clinical nursing practice.  MacKusick is in effect exploring the shortages of nurses that are in the profession.  While the goal of qualitative research is not generalizability, it must to be clear that the findings reported in this article are certainly convenient to other contexts and circumstances.  That is to say, not many explore the perceptions of the RN who make the decision to leave clinical nursing. Understanding factors related with RNs’ practice decisions is the first step essential in developing effective nursing-retention policies.
Conceptual Framework
There was no mention of a conceptual framework in the article. Conceptual frameworks are products of qualitative processes of theorization. However, in this article I would suggest that building a conceptual framework from existing multidisciplinary literature is a procedure of theorization, which uses grounded theory methodology instead of an account of the data and the targeted phenomenon.
Research Question
In direct relation to the purpose of this case study, certainly, the driving force behind the research, are one question which MacKusick highlights on page 336 of the published article.  Above all, these questions are 1. "What is the experience of RNs who leave clinical nursing?" Investigators conducted semi-structured interviews with nurses who left clinical practice. The questions used to guide the interviews were presented in Table 1.
Literature review
In qualitative research it is important to review relevant literature on the subject of study in an exertion to provide a logical background for the efforts assumed by the researcher in an assumed context.  MacKusick does indeed draw on some applicable literature to contextualize her research, even though no clear account, synthesis, or analysis...
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