Application Of The Motorcycle Purchase Contract By Motorbikes Pty Ltd (Case Study Sample)
QUESTION 1 – 10 MARKS
Michelle and Tim are passionate about motorbikes. In fact, they own a company called Motorbikes Pty Ltd. Michelle is a Director and Tim is the company secretary. They buy and sell motorbikes and repair them.
John wishes to sell his motorbike. John approaches Tim and Tim agrees to purchase John's motorbike for $5,000. Tim and Michelle both sign the contract to purchase John's motorbike.
Two days later, Michelle thinks they have paid too much for John's motorbike and wants to get out of the contract.
Is Motorbikes Pty Ltd bound by the contract? Provide reasons for your answer. You must cite relevant Australian case law and the Corporations Act 2001 (Cth). Do not discuss contract law.
QUESTION 2 – 15 MARKS
Gerard and Sylvia love cakes and have recently decided to buy a cake shop from George.
Gerard and Sylvia register a company “Cakes Pty Ltd” with the Australian Securities and Investments Commission. Gerard is listed as a Director and his mum, Sarita, is listed as the company secretary.
On the day of signing the contract to buy the cake shop from George, Gerard stamps the contract with the Cakes Pty Ltd company seal and signs as a witness. The other witness is Sylvia.
A few days pass and George thinks he should have not sold his cake shop. He now wants it back.
Is George bound by the contract? Provide reasons for your answer. You must cite relevant Australian case law and the Corporations Act 2001 (Cth). Do not discuss contract law.
LAW OF BUSINESS ASSOCIATION
TIME \@ "MMMM d, y" October 8, 18
Law of Business Association
Is the contract between Motorbikes Pty Ltd and John, regarding the sale of the motorcycle, binding according to the Australian case law and the Corporations Act 2001 (Cth)?
In accordance with section 124, clause 1of the Corporations Act 2001(s.124 ), a company is a separate legal entity and therefore, able to enact contracts. Company agents are required to execute act contacts on behalf of the company in accordance with section 126. Company contracts can be enacted by the either of the following:[Pathinayake Athula Commercial and Corporations Law (Thomson-Reuters, 2nd edition, 2014)]
* Either the director or the secretary of the company or both as specified in the company's constitution.
* Agents who have been authorized to enact company contracts on behalf of the company by the company directors.
Section 127 (s.127) of the Corporations Act 2001 prescribes the enactment of contracts by companies. Executing a contract without the use of the common seal, a company needs to apply the specific and relevant rule as per section 127 clause 1 of the Corporations Act 2001 [s.127 (1)]. To comply with s.127 (1), a contract is deemed bidding and enforceable if it has been signed by either of the following:[Marc Hertz & Maddocks Lawyers ‘ Importance of execution of contracts by companies'. [online] Cleardocs.com. < https://www.cleardocs.com/clearlaw/company-registration/execution-of-contracts.html >] [Amanda Seaton & Jarrod Wilksch ‘Putting pen to paper – execution under section 127'. [online] Johnson o Winter & Slattery < http://www-staging.webhosting.jws.com.au/ja-JP/acumen/item/660-putting-pen-to-paper-execution-under-section-127 >]
* A company secretary and one of the directors of the company
* Two company directors involved in the execution of the contract on behalf of the company.
In accordance with section 198A of the Corporations Act 2001 (s.198A), a director of a company has the authority to run the company and conduct business. A contract enacted in accordance with s.127 (1) of the Corporations Act 2001 allows the other party of the contract to postulate regarding the execution of that contract as prescribed under section 129 (s.129) of the Corporations Act 2001. If there is no violation of this internal assumption or sufficient evidence to prove a violation of the inherent assumption, the other party in the contract is right also to assume that the execution and enactment of the contract document in question have complied with all the requirements.[Andy, Gibson & Douglas, Fraser, Business Law (Pearson Publications., 8th edition, 2014)]
A case worth mentioning is the Knight Frank v Paley case. In Knight Frank Australia Pty Ltd v Paley Properties Pty Ltd  SASCFC 103 (Paley) case, only one director of the company executed the contract in the absence of another company director (s) and company secretary. The court concluded that in the signing of the s.127 execution clause was not bidding and that the director was not acting as an agent of the company. Therefore, the provision was incomplete without the countersigning of the company secretary or another company director. The contract document was, therefore, not legally binding and the other party has the legal right to revoke their offer.[Ibid. 3] [Ibid. 3]
As per the available information, John approaches Motorbikes Pty Ltd who deals with buying, repairing and selling motorbikes. John expresses his interest in selling his motorcycle. Michelle, the company director, and Tim, the company secretary, both sign the contract to purchase John's motorbike. Therefore, execution of the contract has been carried out in accordance with section 127 execution clause [s.127 (1)]. The enactment of the motorcycle purchase contract by both Michele, as the company director, and Tim, as the company secretary, without the use of the common seal fulfills the requirements section 127 contract execution clause of the Corporations Act 2001.
The application of the motorcycle purchase contract by Motorbikes Pty Ltd and John confirms that the contract execution satisfies the requirements of section 127 execution clause [s.127 (1)]. As such, withdrawal of Motorbikes Pty Ltd would amount to a breach of contract since the contract is legally binding.
The case interrogates the enforceability of a contract between the company, (Cakes Pty Ltd), and the other party, George.
Is the contract between George and Cakes Pty Ltd legally binding?
In accordance with section 124, clause 1of the Corporations Act 2001(s.124 ), a company is a separate legal entity and therefore, able to enact contracts. Company agents are required to enact con
- Application Of The Motorcycle Purchase Contract By Motorbikes Pty LtdDescription: Michelle and Tim are passionate about motorbikes. In fact, they own a company called Motorbikes Pty Ltd. Michelle is a Director and Tim is the company secretary. They buy and sell motorbikes and repair them....6 pages/≈1650 words| 6 Sources | Chicago | Business & Marketing | Case Study |
- Carlsberg Beer Company And Their Global Entry Expansion StrategyDescription: The task entailed analyzing the global expansion strategy of Carlsberg beer company. Therefore, this sample provides a background study of Carlsberg beer company, its entry strategy, and the key learning s from the case....4 pages/≈1100 words| 3 Sources | Chicago | Business & Marketing | Case Study |
- Report on Zatisi Catering Services Company ResearchDescription: The report is on a case study of the Zatisi Catering services that is new in catering industry, and is based in the Czech Republic...3 pages/≈825 words| 4 Sources | Chicago | Business & Marketing | Case Study |