Sign In
Not register? Register Now!
Essay Available:
Pages:
1 page/≈275 words
Sources:
2 Sources
Level:
APA
Subject:
Biological & Biomedical Sciences
Type:
Coursework
Language:
English (U.S.)
Document:
MS Word
Date:
Total cost:
$ 4.32
Topic:

The Difference Between Deoxyribonucleic Acid (DNA) and Ribonucleic Acid (RNA) (Coursework Sample)

Instructions:

Summarize the difference between DNA and RNa

source..
Content:

The Difference between deoxyribonucleic acid (DNA) and ribonucleic acid (RNA)
Deoxyribose nucleic acid (DNA) and ribose nucleic acid (RNA) are nucleic acids both in cells. DNA contains the genetic information of organisms essential for their functioning. It is found in the nucleus. DNA is composed of the sugar deoxyribose (ribose without one oxygen atom) where nitrogenous base pairs are attached. DNA has four (4) nitrogenous base pairs: cytosine (C), guanine (G) adenine (A), and thymine (T). Each base has a complement: A pairs with T and C with G. A polynucleotide strand with these base pairs combine with their complements on another strand to form the double-helix structure of DNA. Each strand begins in opposite directions — antiparallel.
Unlike DNA, RNA is single-stranded. It is composed of the sugar ribose and is found in the cytoplasm. Its base pairs are cytosine (C), guanine (G), adenine (A) and uracil (U). There are several types of RNA but they could be divided into two (2) categories: coding RNA, and non-coding RNA. Messenger RNA (mRNA) is the only coding RNA. Transfer RNA (tRNA) and ribosomal RNA (rRNA) are the two most biologically-active non-coding RNA.
These three types of RNA synthesise protein in a process called translation. Messenger RNAs (mRNAs) copy the DNA's genetic information in the form of three-base codes. These three-base codes c

...
Get the Whole Paper!
Not exactly what you need?
Do you need a custom essay? Order right now:

Other Topics:

  • Mutulism Biological & Biomedical Sciences Coursework
    Description: Mutualism is a relationship in which two organism of different species are mutually benefited by each other , one organism is served by the other's action. The introduction about the mutualism was firstly given by the Pierre-Joseph van beneden (Van, 1876). Mutualism is the minor type of symbiosis...
    13 pages/≈3575 words| 21 Sources | APA | Biological & Biomedical Sciences | Coursework |
  • Transgenic Crop Research. Biological & Biomedical Sciences Coursework
    Description: Genetic modification is an area of gene technology concerned with the alteration of the genetic make-up of organisms to achieve desired traits. Modification of plants is estimated to have begun 10,000 years ago, where humans began practicing artificial selection and selective breeding (Raman, 2017)....
    1 page/≈275 words| 4 Sources | APA | Biological & Biomedical Sciences | Coursework |
  • Pollination Biological & Biomedical Sciences Coursework
    Description: Pollination is the transfer of pollen grains by external agents ( e.g., insects and wind) from the anthers to the stigmas of flowers. Transfer of pollen grains from the anthers to the stigmas on the same flower, or another flower on the same plant, is referred to as self-pollination. Transfer to stigmas...
    1 page/≈550 words| 3 Sources | APA | Biological & Biomedical Sciences | Coursework |
Need a Custom Essay Written?
First time 15% Discount!