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Branches Of The Federal Government Of The United States Of America (Coursework Sample)


discuss the federal government


DATE: 12/10/2018
The federal government of the United States of America (U.S.A) is made up of three branches as per the constitution of the country. The branches are namely the executive, the legislature and the judiciary. The executive refers to the president and other senior workers usually about 5000000. The legislature, also called the house of representation and the senate is made up of the elected members and nominated members. The third branch, the judiciary is made up of all the courts.
The legislature
This is the arm of government which makes laws and confirms or throw-outs presidential appointments. It has also been given the mandate to declare war if need be [1]. According to the constitution the legislature consists of two houses. The houses are namely the senate and the house of representation. The house of representatives consists of 435 elected members from all the 50 states of the country. It also consists of unelected members who represent the District of Columbia and its territories.
The senate consists of the elected senators usually 100 in number. An elected senator serves for a period of 6 years per term however no limit of the number of terms one can serve [2].
The judiciary
It is a branch of the federal government which interprets the law. It also applies the low to individual situations. It consists of the Supreme Court which is the highest court in the country and other federal courts. The judiciary is headed by the chief justice.
Supreme Court is the highest court in the country. The judges of the Supreme Court are appointed by the president and approved by the legislature.
Supreme Court is made up of nine (9) members. The nine include the chief justice and other 8 associate justices. A minimum of six judges is required in order to come up with a court’s decision through voting. If the number is even and the case results in a tie then the lower court’s decision decides.
There is no fixed period that a justice can serve. A judge therefore serves until death, retirement or removal
The executive
This arm of government carries out and enforces laws made by the legislature. It consists of the president, vice president, cabinet, executive department and independent bodies, commissions and committe

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