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Barriers of Application Technology in Education (Essay Sample)




Self-efficacy in Barriers of Application Technology in Education
Annotated Bibliography
Wang, L., Ertmer, P., & Newby, T. (2004). Increasing preservice teachers’ self-efficacy beliefs for technology integration. Journal of research on technology in education, 36(3), 231-250. Retrieved 2nd September 2015 from  HYPERLINK ""
Wang, Ertmer, and Newby explain how the senior teachers have low self-efficacy towards using computers for teaching purposes and how that has been a barrier in integrating technology into education. The authors recommend that junior teachers should be encouraged to embrace computer teaching practice to raise their self-efficacy in future. The article is relevant to my study because it identifies low self-efficacy among senior teachers as a major barrier to technology integration. The only limitation with the article is that it does not quantify the percentage by which low self-efficacy among senior teachers has contributed to stagnation in technology integration process.
Lee, M., & Tsai, C. (2008). Exploring teachers’ perceived self-efficacy and technological pedagogical content knowledge with respect to the educational use of the World Wide Web. Journal of research on technology in education, 38, 1-21. Retrieved 2nd September 2015 from  HYPERLINK "/stable/23372538?seq=1#page_scan_tab_contents" /stable/23372538?seq=1#page_scan_tab_contents
Lee and Tsai explain that teachers who have knowledge concerning web technology have high self-efficacy towards technology and promote technology integration by developing web- based curricula for teaching. The authors recommend the development of effective web-based curricula as the only way of integrating technology into the education system. I find the article relevant to my research since it recognizes lack of web-based knowledge as a cause of low self-efficacy among many teachers. The only limitation I find in the article is that it does not suggest how the development of web-based curricula should be monitored to ensure it achieves the desired results.
Wu, Y., & Wang, L. (2015). The Exploration of Elementary School Teachers' Internet Self-Efficacy and Information Commitments: A Study in Taiwan. Journal of Educational Technology and Society, 18(1), 211-222. Retrieved 2nd September 2015 from  HYPERLINK "/journals/18_1/18.pdf" /journals/18_1/18.pdf
Wu and Wang suggest that integrating technology with education can be achieved by training teachers to prepare lesson plans using computers. That would help teachers to gain high self-efficacy in technology and eventually motivate them to generate assignments automatically hence making the integration process easier. Computerized lesson planning eliminates barriers to technology integration and that makes the article relevant to my study. The limitation of the article is that it does not give a practical example of where lesson plans have been computerized hence it leaves me with the question as to whether the suggestion from the authors is practical or not.
Al-Awidi, H., & Alghazo, I. (2012). The effect of student teaching experience on preservice elementary teachers' self-efficacy beliefs for technology integration in the UAE. Educational Technology Research & Development Journal, 60(5), 923-941. Retrieved 1st September 2015 from  HYPERLINK ""
Al-Awidi and Alghazo argue that getting knowledge about the computers and how they work is not enough. The authors recommend the computerization of all learning activities right away from teachers’ training centers. Computerized training and assessment of teachers would help them gain high self-efficacy, and hence enable them to transfer the same concept to teaching classrooms. The limitation of the article is that it does not consider the emerging trends in technology such as social media. Many young people would easily misuse the computers and use them for social networking instead of studies something that would interfere with the education standards.
Kao, C., Tsai, C., & Shih, M. (2014). Development of a Survey to Measure Self-efficacy and Attitudes toward Web-based Professional Development among Elementary School Teachers. Journal of Educational Technology and Society, 17(4), 302-315. Retrieved from  HYPERLINK ""
Kao and Shih suggest that all the stakeholders should be prepared to make technology integration in education system successful. The authors suggest that teachers should be equipped with necessary skills and latest knowledge of technology such as e-learning to enable them have high self-efficacy and hence make implementation of the integration process easier. The article is relevant to my study because it focuses on raising self-efficacy of stakeholders to make the integration process smooth. The only limitation of the article is that it does not recognize the role of technology experts such as software developers yet they initiated the whole idea.

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