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Education
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Topic:

Plagiarism (Essay Sample)

Instructions:

The task was about plagiarism, and various ways of how to avoid it

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Content:

Plagiarism
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Abstract
Creative writing and originality have been lacking in contemporary art of writing. Moreover, most writers have been copying words and thoughts from other authors, arrogating that the generated piece of work is new or original, and this is clearly plagiarism. In the same light, plagiarism has had a broad concept, ranging from copying of ideas, and words, to infringement of copyrights. The problem has been consuming deep into academic institutions, with few pertinent solutions put in place. Similarly, honesty and integrity has been declining among the students, attributed to the easy and uncontained access to the internet. In relation to this, the paper describes and defines the concept of plagiarism. In addition, it explicates the history of the plagiarism, core reasons to why it takes place and the entire legal aspects taken into consideration to prevent or minimize plagiarism. Further, technology has also played a significant role through the generation of sophisticated software that aid in the detection of plagiarism.
Key words: Plagiarism, Prevention, Detection and Legal aspect.
Plagiarism
Introduction
Plagiarism is an old problem that has kept on drawing attention of scholars and educators, attributed to its prejudicial impacts on literature and the art of writing. Many scholars have written umpteen pieces of literature, defining, describing and offering solutions to plagiarism, but all has been in vain, ascribed to the rising trends accustomed to facets related to plagiarism. In line with this, Marsh (2007) affirms that plagiarism often shows up under different names: copyright infringement, faulty citation, cheating, stealing, cribbing, misappropriation, imitation and intellectual theft, thus giving a broader base for the definition of plagiarism. Moreover, according to Menager and Paulos (2010), Plagiarism can be defined as deriving one’s work using someone else’s piece of work. Also, Roberts (2008) gives an elaborate definition of plagiarism, stating that plagiarism is the stealing or misappropriation of intellectual property and the substantial uncredited textual copying of somebody else’s work.
History of Plagiarism
As stated, plagiarism is an old problem, which dates back in the prehistoric and ancient periods, where incidences of plagiarism were uncontrolled and common in various fields especially in the religious sector (Vinod, Sandhya, Sathish, Harani, Banji & Banji, 2011). In tandem to this, pieces of work from the religious category had no authors and this catapulted the freewill of copying and the incorporation of similar materials into later work (Vinod et al., 2011). However, during the renaissance period, there was a change in attitude and scholarship became decently respected and individual accomplishment was highly appreciated and accredited, and this particularly commenced when painters signed their work (Vinod et al., 2011). Further, in the mid 1600s, cases of plagiarism were reported, and accusation of stealing ideas became immensely frequent in various fields encompassing; art, science, religion, and politics (Vinod et al., 2011).
In line with this, in the early 1700s, the first English copyright law was passed, and its main intent was to protect the rights of authors against fraudulent printers and publishers, as well publishers from book piracy (Vinod et al., 2011). In conjunction, some lawyers participated adeptly in enhancing this law, and James Bowell was the chief pioneer in defending and stating the maximum legal period a copyright should last for an author (Vinod et al., 2011). Besides, caboodles of other laws were incorporated in the system by the nineteenth century, and the enforcement of copyrights across borders was championed for by different countries so as to heighten originality, protect peoples’ work and prevent plagiarism (Vinod et al., 2011).
Types of Plagiarism
Plagiarism is a behaviour that can be regarded as a malpractice both in and outside academic work (Roberts, 2008). Moreover, given the remarkable increase in its trends, most academic institutions, especially institutions of higher learning, have made considerable steps in arresting the situation, through distinguishing types of plagiarism and plagiarists (Williams, n. d.). In addition, Quickwit (2004) and Blum (2009) assert that not all forms of plagiarism or cheating are equal, but it depends on a plethora of facets, with regards to the cultural matter and relationship between copied texts and author’s view. Blum (2009) fu...
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