1 page/≈275 words
Literature & Language
Chinese culture (Essay Sample)
a broad overview the Chinese culturessource..
The Chinese culture is among the worldâ€™s oldest cultures. With China being the most populous country in the world, traditions and customs vary significantly between cities, towns and provinces. Among the most critical components of the Chinese culture include music, visual arts, cuisine, martial arts, music, and literature among so many other things CITATION YuD \l 2057 (Yu, Zhong, & Xiaoling).Classical Chinese was the ancient written Chinese language. Though for thousands of years, the language got considerable use, it was reserved for intellectuals and scholars who formed the upper noble class of the society (shi da fu). Calligraphy got later commercialized. Millions of citizens were still illiterate even after the 20th century. It was only after the May 4th Movement that the push for written vernacular Chinese language started. It was only at this point that the common citizens got a chance to read as the language model was that of the phonology and linguistics of what was the standard spoken language. Most of the traditional Chinese health beliefs adopt a holistic view, emphasizing highly of the importance of environmental factors in increasing the risk of diseases. The environmental factors influence the balance of the bodyâ€™s contrary but complementary forces, yin and yang. Imbalance in these two forces leads to illness. Traditional remedial practices have to be used to restore the balance of these forces CITATION She02 \l 2057 (McNamara, 2002).Illness can be perceived as a state of disharmony between the natural, social environment and the individual. It is the moral duty of the family members to take care of their sick member, curative and caring processes are relevant to health maintenance. In the traditional Chinese culture, medication can be seen as aversive act. Mostly, if the symptoms are not obvious, medication may never be taken. Minor side effects of many antibiotics have contributed to the reckless non adherence to medication. Over-the-counter purchase of antibiotics is a common practice in the communities. Parents think that their children suffer from the same illnesses due to occurrence of similar symptoms. This makes them give their children shared antibiotics and only take them to the doctor if there is no improvement.Apart from the above traditional beliefs, there are those who blame their ill situations or even misfortunes on supernatural forces or acts of witches and sorcerers. These types of groups will always seek medication from their religion and such practices. It is certain that all cultures have health beliefs that all try to explain the causes of illness, how it can be treated and who primarily the process involves. The way patients perceive and relate patient education to their cultures significantly affects their reception to information supplied and their willingness to use such information. In most industrialized societies, a scientific phenomenon causes diseases. As a result of this, they advocate medical treatments and use technology to treat and diagnose diseases. The Chinese societies, the interests of the family are at times viewed as more important than those of individual family members. For these reasons, individual behaviors reflect on the family and thus some behaviors may be viewed to bring shame in the family. As a result, Chinese patients may find it difficult to discuss any symptoms of mental illnesses or even depression. The cultures emphasize family loyalty and foremost devotions to traditions while giving less on individual feelings. Western and Traditional Chinese Medicine (TCM) are two practices done together in China. It is one of the countries where there is integration of traditional medicine within the health care delivery system. TCM used to be practiced as ambulatory care until the 1950s when hospitals integrated services in their care delivery system. It is in this same period that TCM academic training in the universities became formalized. According to the Chinese customs, health may be explained as a balance between yang and yin (two forms of energy that are opposite yet they complement each other). The two forces are a manifestation of everything in nature; one must be present for the other to exist. When the body is healthy, it may be seen as a situation where the balance is in a constant change. Yin and Yang experience shifts in a natural manner. Health problems may experience when consistent alteration of the balances happens, and one dominates the other. Among the things that have influenced the Chinese culture are religious philosophies. The three most influential religions have been Taoism, Buddhism and Confucianism. There are many practical as well theoretical differences between these philosophies. The distinctions can be well manifested in the Chinese culture. Taoist philosophy believes that progress and success can be achieved as a result of working and living in harmony with nature. Confucianism had substantial influence on government and family life. The value of parents and children towards each other originates as a borrowing from Confucianism. Buddhism brought the brief in rebirth which instilled the virt...
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