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Literature & Language
Foundation of Ethics: Virtue and Values (Essay Sample)
Foundation of Ethics: Virtue and Values source..
Foundation of Ethics: Virtue and Values Name Instructor Institution Date of submission Ethics is a basic necessity in the lives of human beings. It is the means in which people make decisions on their way of action for instance in business. Without ethics, the actions of human beings would be objective less and might end up achieving no significant outcome (Semetsky, 2011 p 54).There wouldn’t have been means of achieving some goals because it was to be difficult to select a few among the many goals. Sometimes it is difficult to pursue goals even with standardized ethics leading to failure of achieving them (Day & Butler, 2011 p 65). To the extent to which a coherent standard of ethics is selected, people are able to properly organize objectives and the activities in achieving the most significant values. Any fault in ethics will affect the ability to succeed in daily undertakings (Hackenberg& Lawler, 2002 p 55). More often ethics are planned and established by different communities to make standards of doing their daily activities (Hackenberg& Lawler, 2002 p 61).They are interconnected to basic principles which are accepted by members of the community and every member of the society is required to conform to the ethical standards (Semetsky, 2011 p 75).The principles are arrayed into ethical statements which explain the minimum level of behavior that can be tolerated and every person who belongs to the community is expected to abide by them and help in implementing them. This is something which is accepted and advocated by the community (Freeman, Engels &Altekruse, 2004 p 79). Therefore the members of the community take a shared responsibility in ensuring that they are not violated by anybody. In case the ethical standards are dishonored, irrespective of the legality or illegality of the action, the community moves in to protect its own ethical principles (Day & Butler, 2011 p 83).The community is the owner of the ethical principles; therefore it can decide based on given agreements to amend the principles to take a different form that is acceptable. Ethical standards define what is bad and what is good. Habitually, decent decisions have an outright eminence to the moral principles. Most contexts of morals are not easily altered by mere mortals but the interpretation and use of the written morals differ from society to society and from generation to generation (Hackenberg& Lawler, 2002 p 91). An appropriate basis of ethics needs a standard worth which all the objectives and aims can be acted upon in pursuit of success. This level of action is portrayed in our daily chores and the ethical principles in our lives, and the joy they bring which makes them to be accommodated by the community (Hackenberg& Lawler, 2002 p 99). This is the ultimate goal of ethics which every member of the community strives to reach. It is reached by examining the nature of human beings and identification of the unique needs of man (Freeman, Engels &Altekruse, 2004 p 97). A suitable framework of ethics should not only encompass emergency incidents, but daily choices which are made by human beings. It should contain the relations among people, and state their significance not merely to the physical living of people, but also the well-being of the society (Day & Butler, 2011 p 103). There are various methods which are used in the determination regarding the ethical nature of a decision. Some of these methods include utilitarian. This is a method which states that goods produced, should be produced with a motive of providing the greatest and best good for the greatest and for the majority of the people. This implies that businesses should aim at producing goods, which will benefit the larger society if not the whole. The other method used for determining the ethical nature of a decision is justice. This model states that the distribution of harms and benefit should be done in a manner that is equitable, fair and impartial. The other model that determines the ethical aspect of a decision is moral rights. This method states that the privileges and rights of individuals should be protected (May, Cheney, & Roper, 2007 p 87). Social responsibility denotes a theory of ethics, that a business, organization, or a person has a duty of benefiting the society. This is a duty that each person needs to do as a way of maintaining the balance that exists between the ecosystem and the economy. The existence of a trade off is present between the society welfare and the economic development in terms of material sense, and the environment (Hunnicutt, 2009 p 73). However, social responsibility is said to be the aspect of sustain...
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