Women and terrorism (Essay Sample)
The impact of terrorism on WOMEN
-Discuss ways through which women are victims of terrorism
-Write on how women are perpetrators of terrorism as a major security around the globe
-discuss the measures put in place by GOVERNMENts around the globe to curb TERRORISM
-Discuss the challenges faced by GOVERNMENTs to fight terrorism
Women and Terrorism
Terrorism is one of the major security problems facing the world today. As such, governments around the globe have taken stringent measures to combat and prevent it. However, the threat of terrorism has evolved significantly, and it is characterized by a divergence from traditional to non-traditional acts of terror. Notably, whereas terrorism has traditionally been a domain of the male gender, today, women are involved not only as victims but also as perpetrators. As terrorism continues to evolve and become more sophisticated, policymakers and stakeholders in the security sector need to reexamine and understand women’s role in terrorism as both perpetrators and victims.
Alongside children, women are the greatest victims of terrorism and bear the brunt of the most atrocious acts committed by terrorists. Terrorists often use rape and other forms of sexual violence to control women, based on the ideological perception and classification of women as second-class citizens (Bhattacharya 1081). For example, the Islamic State promises the reward of wives to male recruits to lure them into joining the organization. In terror-stricken countries, the majority of fatalities are women. Therefore, women are the first and greatest victims of terrorism. Nevertheless, besides being victims, trends in modern terrorism have seen women play the role perpetrators.
In the past decade, women-led terrorist activities have increased significantly, and several factors have influenced the use of women to perpetrate acts of terror. Women provide an excellent cover for terrorist groups, and terrorists take advantage of cultural norms in conservative societies that frown upon the inappropriate touching of women to recruit women and use them to launch acts of terror (Bloom 3-4). The portrayal of women as weak in many societies, coupled with the fact that they are excluded from public and economic life, has made them easy targets for terrorists who promise them empowerment and fulfillment. As a result, some of the most violent and severe terrorist attacks have been perpetrated by women in recent years.
Understanding the role of women in terrorism is pivotal to the development of policies to prevent terrorism. First, increasing gender equality and empowering women will reduce the vulnerabilities that make them easy targets for recruitment to terrorist organizations (UNODC 20). Moreover, protecting women from terrorism and reducing their vulnerability will require governments to address violent extremism through appropriate interventions under the auspices of the international community. These interventions will foster peaceful interventions and reduce women-led terrorism as well as their victimization.
In conclusion, traditional terrorist behaviors and trends have changed tremendously. Although women have traditionally played a remote role
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