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Health, Medicine, Nursing
English (U.S.)
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Types Of Medicine And The Side Effects: Antineoplastic Agents (Essay Sample)


the paper says that patients use different types of medication for different kinds of diseases. It is essential to observe the signs and symptoms that a patient displays to determine the type of drugs that correspond to the illness. Additionally, medical tests are necessary to verify the disease and medication required for the condition. The side effects of using medications should be accessed to determine the benefits of using a drug. If the side effects are harmful and have a potential health threat to the patient, the medication should be avoided. It is crucial to educate patients about different types of drugs to improve their prudence in following instructions


Types of Medicine and the Side effects
Student's Name
Institutional Affiliation
Antineoplastic Agents
Antineoplastic drugs are used in the treatment of specific types of cancer. Alkylating agents are a category of antineoplastic medications widely used in the market (Colbert & Woodrow, 2018). The drug is recommendable as it effectively treats cancer. The drug works by addition of alkyl element to the guanine base of a DNA molecule; thus, hindering the linkage of double helix strands. Consequently, preventing cancer cells from multiplying due to the breakage of DNA strands (Woodrow, Colbert, Smith & Woodrow, 2015). Therefore, causing the death of cancer cells in the long run. The medication is most effective in treating solid tumors and leukemia. On that note, the patient should be displaying the signs of leukaemia and solid tumors to warrant the use of alkylating agents. The symptoms include low white blood cells count, weight loss, bleeding gums, and excessive nose bleeding.
The drugs have side effects on the patients. Alkylating agents could result in permanent damage on the bone marrow if used continuously for an extended period. The drug also causes indigestion, stomach upset, vomiting, and nausea. Additionally, patient alkylating agents' medication may experience itching rushes (Woodrow, Colbert, Smith & Woodrow, 2015). The drug might contribute to severe diarrhea or constipation. It may cause sores in the throat and mouth. The medication might make the patient find the taste of food different and general body weakness. The drug may contribute to menstrual changes and premature menopause in women. Moreover, a decrease in sperm count in male patients. Notwithstanding, the drug may lead to low blood count resulting in fatigue, and the patient becomes more susceptible to infection.
Educating patients regarding the use of an alkylating agent is critical as it helps patients to understand the treatment process. Teaching patients regarding the use of a drug help to reduce anxiety about the side effects of using the medication. The patients will have precise information on the side effects of the treatment options. Additionally, ways to curb the side effects will be taught to the patient consequently making the treatment successful. Equally important, patients will are more likely to adhere to instructions.
Respiratory System Agents
Respiratory system drugs are used in the treatment of respiratory system disorders and illnesses. On that note, an example of a respiratory medicine commonly used is Pulmozyme. It is advisable to use the medication as it boosts breathing and minimizes the risk of lung infection (Colbert & Woodrow, 2018). The drug is used to treat patients with cystic fibrosis. The drug is used alongside other medications for the disease such as nutritional supplements. The remedy is administered to individuals who exhibit the signs and symptoms of cystic fibrosis (Woodrow, Colbert, Smith & Woodrow, 2015). The disease's signs and symptoms can be grouped into respiratory and digestive. The respiratory signs and symptoms include a persistent cough coupled with the production of thick sputum. Additionally, a patient suffers from breathing problems, frequent lung infection, and intolerance to exercise. On the other hand, the digestive symptoms include excessive constipation, weight loss, and foul-smelling.
The side effects of the medication include body aches and chest pain. The patient may experience a cough and dry throat. Ad

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