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Theology Assignment: Neo-Platonism in Islamic Philosophy (Essay Sample)


Discussion on islamic religion


Neo-Platonism in Islamic Philosophy
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Neo-Platonism in Islamic Philosophy
Islamic view of the world and civilization have been significantly impacted by Neo-Platonism philosophy. Islamic philosophy in the medieval era was firmly grounded in Neo-Platonism, and Aristotelianism the influences derived from Neo-Platonism became visible enough with the promotion by Muslim scholars such as Al-Farabi ( Fakhr, 2014). Despite its high impact in the tenth century, it weakened towards the end of the 11th century following a strong counter-reactions. This was mainly propagated by Al-Ghazali who opposed the Neoplatonic school of thought. Though with its death in the Islamic world, its ideas still permeate into the logic behind Islam practices and their way of life. This paper seeks to highlight the significance of Neo-Platonism for Islamic philosophy and the contributions that Al-Farabi and Ibn-Sina had in the propagation of this thought and beliefs of Islam.
The primary influence of Neoplatonism is the linking of the transcendence of God together with his creation ( Iqbal, 2013). Enforcing a lot of stress on the transcendent nature of their Quranic God, the creative aspect and character of God were ignored. Neoplatonists believe that everything has its emanation from one God. Al-KIndi who is considered as the father of the philosophy of Islam also has been known to hold Neoplastic views. The doctrine comes to its peak of intellectual understanding with the development of emanationist hierarchies that Ibn Sina and al-Farabi worked them out. The opinions of these two Islamic scholars were developed and modified further by great thinkers such as Ibn al-Arabi and Shabab al-Din al- Suhrawardi. Neo-Platonism be

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