Psychological & Sociological Theories Applicable To The Criminal Case (Essay Sample)
the paper talks about Psychological and Sociological Theories Applicable to the Casesource..
Criminal Case Analysis
Psychological and Sociological Theories Applicable to the Case
Sociological and psychological theories are applicable in the case. The approaches are essential as they provide a systematic manner of analyzing and understanding a criminal scenarios (Mughal, 2011). On that note, the psychological theory that applies to the situation is the Vygotsky's Theory of Child Development. The theory states that child development involves a series of eras. The periods include early initial stages, infancy, early infantile, pre-school period, school age and adolescence (Blunden, 2011). The stable development eras are associated with some crisis. He argues that the children undergo structural and psychological transformation influenced by the environment. Therefore, the child's behavior at a given stage is determined by the environmental exposure. The theory applies to Johnson's case since his criminal act can be attributed to his growth environment. He was raised in a violent situation where his parents were frequently fighting. Therefore, the kid adapted the violence and extended the acts to his adulthood. It is important to note that Johnson's behavior was as a result of his childhood environment. If he had been raised in a pleasant atmosphere, he would have embraced good morals.
Equally important, the sociological theory that applies to the scenario is social disorganization theory. The approach concentrates on the immediate social environment such as peer group, school, and family (John, 2013). The method reveals the reason why some people are likely to engage in criminal activities than others. Additionally, it explains why societies differ in crime rates. According to John (2013), the concept suggests that the immediate environment affects the child's behavior regarding crime. Therefore, people who are who grow up in a high crime zone are more likely to become criminals. The theory applies to Johnson's case since his behavior is as a result of the environment that he grew up. It is essential to note that the parents did not contribute to his traits of stealing, but were the cause for his violent attitude. Johnson learned theft from his peers which also a significant environmental factor.
Concepts in the Psychological and Sociological Theory
A critical concept in Vygotsky's Theory of Child Development is the social situation of development. The idea outlines that particular age period starts with a unique, original, single and exclusive relation. Additionally, the connection varies for different ages and between child reality and the corresponding social reality (Blunden, 2011). Vygotsky considers the social environment of a child as a predicament. The child starts life in a vulnerable state. However, successful passage through all the processes results to a mature member of the community capable of catering for personal needs. It is worthy to observe that the requirements are satisfied based on social positions, moral responsibility, and effects on society's cultural and institutional reproduction. However, if the child grows in an unconducive environment, the results differ. The child will cater for personal needs but will ignore social responsibility.
It is also essential to observe that one of the fundamental concepts of social disorganization theory is the features that are conducive to crimes. A criminologist, John Hagan, argues th