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Understanding Narcissism: From Freud to Contemporary Research. (Essay Sample)


This essay is about understanding narcissism, from Sigmund Freud's original theories to contemporary research. It explores the concept of narcissism as an excessive preoccupation with oneself and its relationship to psychological health, self-obsession, and self-esteem. The essay discusses Freud's belief in primary narcissism during early childhood and the development of a sense of self-identity and ego. It also examines the connection between narcissism and personality traits such as neuroticism and extraversion. Furthermore, the essay highlights the influence of society and cultural factors on the expression and perception of narcissism. it emphasizes the importance of considering both historical and contemporary perspectives to gain a comprehensive understanding of narcissism and its implications in psychology.


Understanding Narcissism: From Freud to Contemporary Research
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Understanding Narcissism: From Freud to Contemporary Research
The term "narcissism" was coined by Sigmund Freud, the founder of psychoanalysis, to characterize an excessive preoccupation with oneself. According to Freud, narcissism defines one's sense of self-worth and self-esteem and is a natural component of healthy human growth. However, he recognized that an unhealthy preoccupation with oneself may often lead to developing narcissistic personality disorders, among other psychological issues. In this context, Freud's definition of narcissism sheds light on the intricate relationship between psychological health, self-obsession, and self-esteem.
First, Narcissism identifies with ego, which relates to childhood and the striving for happiness. According to Freud (2014), he believed that people go through a stage of primary narcissism in early childhood, when they have a considerable preoccupation with themselves and their bodies. While everyone has some self-esteem and self-love, those with narcissistic characteristics have an exaggerated sense of self-importance and frequently seek validation and admiration from others. This is where the narcissistic theory's roots may be located. That explains how humans distinguish themselves from others based on their self-identity and ego. Moreover, ego highly relates to how we view ourselves in society and also our self-image. Therefore, ego also plays a huge role in forming a solid sense of self-identity, an essential element of mental health. However, when the ego 

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