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9 pages/≈2475 words
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Visual & Performing Arts
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For this assignment, the professor wants us to follow all the instructions she provides in 4 pdf to get all the points. Make sure to read all these instructions first, analyze these two articles, and write your personal idea about how all this works together or individually. Since I upload two articles, you don't need to bring any other sources in this paper. Just analyze them and make compare and contrast. Write an essay comparing the points of view in two primary documents of the time. Select these from the group posted on the website for the course. Select two documents that reveal contrasting attitudes about an interesting issue that you sense they have in common (e.g. the nature of artists' aspirations, what artists expect of their audiences, the educational value of art). Part of your grade will depend on the interesting issue that you see in your two documents, so give some thought to this. This is not a research paper but rather an essay, meant to encourage your historical imagination and develop your critical abilities and original insights. Its topic, argument, and conclusions are up to you. Your resources will be only the two documents you select. No other reading or research is required. Look at the paper assignment this way: if the two documents you select provide the only information that exists about that period of American art, what would we know about it? The paper will be graded on a creative selection and clear framing of your topic, a clear point, careful organization, clarity of writing, and substantiation of your argument through a description and analysis of your chosen documents. You should have an introduction 1. Essay is introduced with necessary background needed by reader You should summarize the documents before discussing them 2. Each document is accurately introduced and described before launching into any discussion You’ll need a thesis (an original idea that comes from your analysis) 3. Interesting thesis 4. Thesis concisely explained 5. Evidence in document clearly supports thesis You need a carefully laid out analysis/argument 6. Analysis derives from the documents 7. Analysis comes to a point 8. Analysis is thorough 9. Analysis is logical 10. Paper ends with a thoughtful conclusion justified by facts The paper needs to be written with care 11. Good paragraph structure; each paragraph has a clear topic 12. Organization is clear, development of ideas easily followed. 13. Writing is lucid, good grammar, sentences well structured. PAPER-WRITNG TRAPS TO AVOID Nonexistent thesis. Example of a nonexistent thesis: “In this paper I will examine two points of view toward art education.” (Saying what you will do is not a thesis. A thesis states what you have found.) Self-evident thesis. Example of a self-evident thesis: “This comparison shows that two artists can have very different viewpoints.” (We expect different artists to think differently.) “This comparison shows that painting landscapes can be difficult.” (Everyone should know that painting can be difficult.) “This comparison shows that art changes over time.” (Of course art changes over time). Your thesis statement should be debatable; it should need the argument you provide in your paper. Misinterpreting the paper as an opinion piece. The point of the paper is not about whether you agree with the point of view presented, or whether you like the art described. Concentrate on what the documents reveal about the value system of the time in which they were written. Avoiding the topic. Don’t create an anthology of comments about two artists or two authors instead of analyzing the content of the documents. Using the documents as an excuse to write in general about two artists and only mentioning the documents in passing is not the point of the exercise. Never describing the documents. Charging into analysis of documents that you don’t first describe only creates confusion for the reader and is a recipe for disaster. Introduce, describe and then analyze. Avoiding any real comparison of the documents. Don’t just describe one document and then the other. Your two documents should show two differing aspects or interpretations of some larger issue that you understand by relating the documents to one another. Lack of an original insight. Your comparison should lead to ideas that do not already exist in a book. Don’t be afraid to grapple with what the documents suggest to you. Have the courage to express your own point of view! Not editing the paper. The paper assignment isn’t a long one but you can’t write it in one night. Review it before handing it in. source..
ART: ANALYSIS OF A PAIR OF PRIMARY DOCUMENTS Student’s Name Class Date Introduction The beauty of art belongs in an endless variety because art gains significance in part from its unique context. Bingham’s article highlights that both the cognitive and expression theories of art hold that art communicates ideas, thoughts, emotions, and feelings. On the other hand, Gregg’s article agrees that understanding is critical in light of the fact that it makes sense of how art does this or secures meaning partly from its unique context. Many ask whether there can be hearty praise as some comprehension of art appear to be preferable over others. The last 100 years or so have witnessed several significant shifts in public and private debates about art, its nature, and its functions, which needs to be considered in terms of other histories. With the emergence of new academic disciplines, new ways of speaking and thinking about modernism coexist with new modes of artistic expression. Having read and analyzed both articles, I can tell that there are plenty of significant differences as well as similarities about how art, the ideal, and the utility of artwork together. Nonetheless, both intend to present the diverse theoretical art frameworks and explain their relationship to the works and practices discussed in the individual entries. Therefore, this introduction provides a brief overview of the articles in their intellectual and historical context before proceeding to the interpretation of modernism and the utility of art. In seeking an explanation of the exhibition and utility of art, Gregg invariably calls on the armory show. In contrast, Bingham, on the ideal of art, informs and enhances understanding in ways the reader develops an individualistic approach to the art of the period.[George Caleb Bingham, “Pdf” (New York, 1879).] [Frederick James Gregg, “The Armory Show, 1913,” in Modernism: Early Phases, n.d., pp. 190-196.] First Document Art is a sign of life, as there can be no life without change and no development without change. In an organized succession of events, Gregg uses an instructive tone to organize his article as a succession of important events, keyed to 1913 and thus can be read as a chronological account of 20th-century art. He argues thatart conveys something in the domain of feelings and sentiments. Articulation hypotheses frequently stress the singular artist's feelings and wants, and a representation of Gregg's perspectives comes in the initial part of his article. Gregg contends that art can be a wellspring of information similarly as much as different disciplines since it passes information on how on to see our general surroundings. To him, this is not readily reducible to a series of the proposition because the medium of communication in art is neither subjective nor objective. Gregg notes that it is a matter of new familiarity in which objective and subjective have so participated that neither has any more presence without anyone else. He does not limit the definition of cognition or knowledge to a simple list of factual statements but acknowledges symbols’ sensitivity, responsiveness, and interpretation. Like Dewey, Gregg champions art’s role in people’s lived experience and views art as a kind of expression, critically analyzing the complex designs of art that accomplish significance and reference. Various arts do this another way, and the different documentation frameworks apply to art structures like model and painting to convey in then again alternate ways.[Gregg, “The Armory Show, 1913.”] However, Gregg contends that each type of art developed a comprehension of a world and held that art can satisfy the very models that make speculation fruitful: class, lucidity, or more all, 'rightness of delivering.' In his practical view, artwork and logical hypotheses make universes that appear to be right concerning people’s needs and habits. Although he did not discuss what individual artists say in their works, Gregg helps the reader understand the conclusion of the language of art in the creation and cognizance of our reality. Gregg's case to articulate the rule of communicating art appears to be vainglorious and likely to challenge. The article distributed reactions, and keeping in mind that it is not difficult to reprimand, Gregg's article presents intriguing recommendations. On the sort of art hypothesis thought about in the article, mental and articulation hypothesis, art assumes a significant part in human correspondence. Accordingly, this makes articulation and translation a huge errand since it endeavors to articulate what an artwork or artist imparts. Gregg contends that individuals partake in the pride and the energy of creation, not to discuss the victory of deciphering the impression of the apparent world into an individual language of lines, variety, structures, and surfaces. Today, the longing that prompts benefactors to purchase show-stoppers is still just partly stylish. In many times of history, artists in any field had a reasonable and perceptible spot in the public eye. Their creation thus tends to mirror a significant level of the longing of their supporters and the powers on the human climate. Except if individuals concentrate on the historical backdrop of art as an ordered series of an example, quality is the main determinant. Without a doubt, the determination of show-stoppers for this article tells us about the society we were made for and the standards of artistic value. Taking this document on its own, what is worth remembering about it is that art is created for me because humans see art as something we utilize to draw in with our current circumstance. By changing individuals' discernments, art empowers us as there is a conspicuous benefit in such a disposition leading to beautiful experiences.[Ibid.] Second Document Bingham’s idea is that art articulates the life of a community. He argues that if humans were mere animals, then art might justly be regarded as a thing of little importance. In that elevated sense, Bingham discusses that the beauty and all embraced in terms of esthetics is the natural food of the soul and is essential to growth, expansion, and happiness. The historical backdrop of art, similar to any type of human action, has its set of experiences and is unavoidably bound to numerous different parts of history. In any case, individual styles have internal patterns of progress, starting with one period then onto the next as well as inside some random time frame or even inside crafted by a solitary artist. In a technical sense, Bingham emphasizes that the earliest clarifications of stylistic growth can be considered evolution. To understand this fully, he argues that the individual work of art must be regarded as concerning its position in an example of historical turn of events. Of need, individuals allude to the progression of such changes as a development without fundamentally inferring the ideal, utility, and predominance of one phase over another. Bingham brings another example of art-authentic reasoning, which can be considered evolutionary in a utilitarian sense, as stated in the writing of the 19th century. Like human bodies, the development of art has its birth; they grow up and old. Although the examination was splendid, it is exceptionally particular, disregarding the styles and periods that did not fit the hypothesis.[Bingham, (New York, 1879).] [Ibid] [Ibid] Bingham maintains that cultivation is necessary to appreciate art. However, its powers may be felt without that, and the feeling will educate itself into the desired appreciation. Looking back into the origin of the term “genius,” Bingham invokes his evaluate of judgment to mark the puzzling quality in an artist that empowers him to make work with excellence. In other words, he points out that “genius” is what gives the rule to art, meaning that an artist somehow can makematerials come together into a structure that is conspicuously lovely to watchers. Doing as such, they set a model for later artists to follow yet contend that there is no standard to make sense of or anticipate how individuals can do this since it is only their virtuoso. To drive home this point, Bingham emphasizes aesthetics, as does the 19th-century tradition. All through the article are the understood strains between the variables that decide an artwork's authority, including artistic or utility merit. While the account relies mainly on evaluating natural characteristics, Bingham emphasizes accessory features, and the itemization appears to give a tool to offsetting scarcity of other, simpler to-get a handle on classes. The outside factors that record for utility worth give Bingham a free reasonable system for epitomizing his changeable subject.[Ibid] Taking this document on its own, what is worth remembering about it is that his contribution considers how artistic and substance processes are constructed in art history. Creation’s performative and material aspects emerge as essential preoccupations and necessary tools to build and explain his view of history and society. Nowhere does Bingham explore this line of conception as consistently as he does in discussing the ideal and utility of art. That unique art appears to be unquestionable as individuals esteem it and energetically seek after its collection and creation. As Bingham has highlighted in the article, the eventual fate of art offers the interest of both new modes and media admittance to old arts. At the same time, artists are at the forefront of exploring and expanding people’s awareness of the rich heritage or past social reforms. If not for art, much that is vital in history would be lost. Bingham features that extraordinary realms which have risen, thrived, and vanished are currently mostly known by their long-lasting records of art. Indeed, art is the chief agent in securing national immortality. Per...
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