Asian History History Essay Research Coursework Paper (Essay Sample)
Write an analytical essay responding to one of the following questions.
What role did imperialism play in the demise of the Qing dynasty?
Did modern Chinese history begin with the Taiping Rebellion?
Is the development of modern science in China a form of imperialism?
THE ROLE OF IMPERIALISM IN THE FALL OF QING’S DYNASTY
An Insight to the Chinese Dynasties
Between c. 2070 BC to 1912, China was under the rule of 13 different dynasties. The last dynasty to rule China was the Qing dynasty, which ruled from 1644-1912(Chao-Fong 2020). This dynasty's fall marked the Republic of China's beginning and the end of imperialist rule (Chao-Fong 2020). History.com (2018) indicates that the Qing dynasty's era was noted for its prosperity in the initial stages but a disorderly end. The Qing were from the northern Chinese region of Manchuria, and their ethnicity was Manchus (Chao-Fong 2020). In world history, the Qing dynasty was the 5th largest. However, towards the end of the 19th century, it faced challenges such as rural unrest, imperial forces, and military weakness that eventually led to its fall(Chao-Fong 2020).
Before the Qing took over, china was ruled by the Ming dynasty. During Ming's rule, there was economic prosperity, but like any other dynasty, they were also faced with challenges that eventually led to the Manchus' invasion and overthrow (Chao-Fong 2020). With the Qing on the throne, economic prosperity was restored, and for the period between 1644-1796, there were no notable rebellious groups. However, the introduction of new world crops such as maize and fertilizers and improved irrigation techniques from the west would mark the beginning of the social uprising. The uprising was caused by the fact that the Qing had forbidden agriculture in the northern region, and the Mongol pastoralists predominantly used the land. This brought conflict because the Chinese people wanted to use the land for farming the modern crops (Szczepanski 2020a).
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