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What Is The Relationship Between The Immigrants And Security (Essay Sample)




Nature Of The Relationship Between Security And Immigration
Security and immigration in the current dispensation are two things that cannot be isolated without ethical and moral issues coming up. State authorities to safeguard its borders often rub shoulders the wrong way with human rights activists. Immigrants most of the time pose a security threat to the host country, this security threat can be real or perceived. Now, the challenge is to draw a clear dichotomy between the two. Although, majority of the immigrants can be genuine and pose no security threat at all some may be terrorists with ulterior motives disguised as immigrants. For the friction between security and immigration to find an amicable and lasting solution then definitely a re-look at immigration policies must be carried out. Gatekeepers, state agents and other stakeholders should be involved right from the onset in an effort to draw a clear conclusion on who should be vetted as non security threat and who should be treated a security threat. When all this factors will be put into consideration then security and Immigration will become a thing of the past.
Secularization was coined by Ole Waiver in the year 1995, it refers to the way by which the state or government looks at its citizens loosely refereed to as subjects to becoming items of security. They use their subjects as a shield to implement unique decisions to outside forces that could otherwise, not even be a security threat.
Many theories and approaches to immigration has been postulated this paper will highlight Non-entree , containment and regionalization approaches.
Non-entree Approach
This approach demands that no refugee should enter a particular region and demanding asylum. This was necessitated by the fact that in the 1990s many immigrants went to western countries looking for asylum. Globalization increased a significantly increased immigrants to other western countries and lastly the collapse of communist and social states led to violence that made many to flee to Europe. As a result European countries decide to close its borders to immigrants. Which is now called the non-entree regime. Their were negative consequences to the immigrants, many had lost property and families, the ground was hostile and they could not get any assistance in Europe, they were exposed, to human degrading conditions. However, on the part of European countries it meant economic stability and above all its territories were secured.
Containment Approach
Containment approach focuses on how to contain the refugee situation and also by resettling the refugees. Its presupposes assistance to contain the situation before it goes out of hand and neutralizing any insurgence that might escalate the already bad situation. This approach to refugees has many benefits than demerits since it gives back a sense of entitlement and ownership to the affected community.
Regionalization Approach
Regionalization approach says that refugees must be settled within their geographical regions. African refugees must remain in African and that pattern applies to world over. This approach is dangerous in the sense that a region can be war tone and insufficient basic needs to settle the high populations.
We still vividly recall the terror attack on the twin towers in the USA. It came as a shock to many worldwide. The unfortunate incident has been debated, analyzed by security experts both in the United States of America and all other corners of this world. One outstanding conclusion or the agreeable statement is that it was not by the hand of an American citizen but rather by a foreign and for that case from a network of immigrants. This isolated case and many other security breaches across the world, be it gun violence, terrorism, suicide and so forth an accusing finger has been pointed at immigrants. For a long period of time the UN has had its stand on immigration and other international treaties that deem appropriate for member states to adopt and implement. Quite often, this treaties has led to the suffering and agony of this nations through terrorism.
Security has been defined by many people over a long period of time as the defense of a state against external attack, protection of its citizens interests, its geographical boundaries hence culminating into independence and sovereignty. Matters to do with internal aggression were not given a priority and were not actually anticipated hence internal security became a soft target to terrorist groups and gangs. These terrorist groups are either immigrants or associated, related, trained, or sympathizers of immigrants.
For us to comprehensively address the issue of security and immigration the following measures must be implement; tightening security at the borders, rigorous and intensive visa vetting process, career assessment, prosecution and deportation of criminal elements and lastly digitizing registration of persons. In addition, legislators should give good legislations and amend the existing ones to cut loose criminal elements within their boundaries, administrative implementation will be very key to ensure the success of the above processes. Taking cognizance of this suggestions it should be remembered that only the state cannot achieve, but too non state actors have the highest percentage of ensuring the success of the whole process. Both the state and non-state working as complimenting partners and not competitors.
Non state actors who include the private sector, market shareholders and human rights activists, universities, air companies, employer federations, trade unionists, hospitality industry, religious bodies, civil servants and Non governmental organizations (Source One). These firms are most of the time bound by international treaties which they are signatory to, as a result the state works in cooperation with with or sub contracts them in implementation of the immigration and security policies that they will have legis

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