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Malthus' Theory of Population (Essay Sample)


This essay was on most debates topic, Population and resource.
This essay explores the famous theory of Population and explains it with arguments in support as well as against this theory.
This essay was topic assignment in the field of environmental science.



July 4, 2023
Malthus' Theory of Population
           Thomas Robert Malthus (1766-1834) was an English cleric, scholar, and influential economist in the political economy and demography. In 1798, Malthus worked on the effects of population and its possible impacts. In his famous book, An Essay on the Principle of Population, he alerted that a growing population will negatively affect the standard of living. According to his theory, "If the living standard of a country is good, and its population is increasing, then this population will ultimately decrease living standard by putting pressure on the available resources"  (D.Sachs, 2017). In summary, all the economic gains will reverse if the population increases and is not in control. So, to achieve a permanent good living standard, states should control their population through specific policies and boost their economic activities.
Logic of Malthus
           According to Malthus, the population grows geometrically, while food production increases arithmetically. He noted that the geometric growth of the people would overtake the arithmetic growth of food production. As a result, hunger will feedback wars, famines, diseases, and other social evils, all of which will cause a significant decrease in

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