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Compare And Contrast Two Sociological Perspectives On Education And Inequality (Essay Sample)


Compare and contrast two sociological perspectives on education and inequality.
Giddens, A. (2001). Sociology (5th ed) London: Polity.
Giddens, A. & Sutton, P.W. (2014) Essential Concepts in Sociology, Polity
Dorling, D (2015) Injustice: Why Social Inequality Persists. Bristol. Policy Press (ebook)
Haralambos, M. & Holborn, M. (2013) Sociology: Themes and Perspectives, Harper Collins Ch 1 & 11
Harker, R., & May, S. A. (1993). Code and Habitus: Bernstein and Bourdieu. British Journal of Sociology of Education 14 (2) 169-178
You must show that you have consulted the literature on your subject by the use of references. You are expected to refer to at least four sources of information in your reference list, including at least one non-electronic source of information ie. a book on your topic or a general textbook.

Education and Inequality Student’s Name Course Number Professor’s Name Institutional Affiliation Date Introduction The field of education is faced with significant challenges today. Despite the aims of the different government and international bodies to try and avail education to all people in the world, there are still cases of unequal; distribution of resources in education. Education inequality refers to the unequal distribution of academic support such as technology, books, teachers, classrooms and school funding to excluded communities in the world. This has resulted in the uneven distribution of development which is a consequence of education and variation in the literacy levels in a country or the world in general. Excluded communities include the region in the underdeveloped countries in the world. The region with terror and wars are also a victim of the ow literary levels and the low distribution of resources to assist in education. The third world countries are faced with economic crises that limit their budget, and therefore education becomes one of the victims of the budget cuts. This increases the likelihood of the teaching staff not showing up to teach. This also increases the uneven distribution of education in the society. Many factors have been used to explain the reasons behind the unequal distribution of education and the inequality aspect as well. Some of these factors can be based on the inequality aspect associated with some races in some countries while others are mainly based on the status of the nation on economic levels. Literature review. Dorling, D., & Dorling, D. (2015) discusses the issue of injustice and why social inequalities persist in societies. The idea of the book is based on the general social injustices such as corruption and how it can affect the different foundation and facilities of a community. In their book, the authors consider the aspect of inequality and how it impacts on the community negatively. One concept discussed in the book is the effect of difference in education in the city. There is increased destitution poverty and hunger in the world today. This is a social injustice and an indication of the general increase in inequality. The rich continue to be richer while the poor in the society continue to wallow in poverty. Some population in the world survive on less than one meal a day while others are comfortable celebrating every day (Dorling & Dorling, 2015). Social injustices such as poverty are part of the contributing factor to the limited access to education. The poor are busy seeking meals rather than considering the idea of education. This is the primary instinct. Despite the united nations naming education as part of the basic need of human being, there are high chances that this basic need would not be achieved by some people on the communities (Dorling & Dorling, 2015). Communities faced with poverty are also destitute which eliminates any chance that a student would concentrate on education on an empty stomach. Inequalities are mostly affected in the third world region of the world. However, there are still parts of the developed world that still experience educational inequality. Areas that are faced with constant wars are affected in the sense that the resources such as funding are preferably utilized in wars than on the education of the children. The educational funds are used on treatment and war. Prejudice in regions such as the United States has affected the educational level of the affected races. Such races that are regularly discriminated against and segregated upon are also faced d with the reduced chances of them benefiting from education. This has increased the social disparities in development. Most crime in the United States is in region constituted of the black races. The reason behind this is the unequal distribution of resource and facility such as access to education. The effect of reduced access to education is that the people end up in crime and poor. The crime becomes their only mean of survival. As Dorling, D., & Dorling, D. (2015) put it “Other people are naturally, perhaps genetically inferior to those who have done best; many young people are not worth a wage (while a few others are worth millions)” (Dorling & Dorling, 2015). This ideology has resulted in some communities suffering due to the discrimination and unequal distribution of such resource as school funding and access to professional and qualified staff to assist in their education. Some regions, according to a report in the book in 2010, shows that most of the university chances in the year had gone to the wealthy children in the country. This is an indication of the inequality aspect. The difference in the children accesses to education resulted in the children from needy families missing the chance to obtain university education due to the high number of the rich people kids in the should. This should be noted that it does not relate to the performance but the availability of wealth (Blanden & Machin, 2010). Rather than the university reserving the chance due to excellence, the opportunities to join were booked based on the wealth of the parents or the guardians of the children (Dorling, 2010). One thing to note in this report is that the region, Britain is among the first world countries and yet, it is still a victim of the inequality in education plight. In the above case, Dorling, D., & Dorling, D. (2015) base their perspective on education and inequality on the idea of social and individual wealth. The difference in this resulted in the community either benefiting from proper education or the people suffering from limited access to education. Wealth, in this case, is related to the availability of capital to finance one’s knowledge and provide them with the aces to resources that are needed for their education. Access to technology as a form of education resource is also relate dot the aspect of wealth. Therefore, in this case, the limiting element or the causative aspect in limiting the access to education for the victims is wealth. The distribution of wealth in the country has a consequence of the similar varied delivery of training and educational resources in the country and among the people. In the book, Essential Concepts in Sociology, the authors, Anthony Giddens, Philip W. Sutton discuss the aspect of the society and how it varies with different factors that exist in it. According to the book, the community is comprised of chances and diverged concept which together assists the sociologies to understand the society (Giddens & Sutton, 2014). The different factor, in this case, can vary from the status of the community on economic grounds to the idea of a community existing because of a political trend. All the factors, however, can contribute to the development of the community/ society or the complete collapse of the community. According to the book., the organization is composed of themes ranging from the political arguments to the crime themes. All these concepts and theme are part of the general community and therefore play a critical role in ensuring that the sociology understands the society (Giddens & Sutton, 2014). The idea of inequality in a society is based on the different state of the themes discussed in the book. A politically stable state is secure for the people to prosper uniformly. In an ideal situation, everyone has the same level and chance to benefit from such a society. However, this is not usually the case. In some cases, it is possible that the people have different abilities and exposure to specific factors that the rest do not. On the general trend, therefore, the community in which one exists can present them with equal opportunities or lack of which can limit their ability to cope with the city. The consequence results in disparity and inequality. In the same case on the political stability themes, education is affected by the lack of stability in the country. As earlier discussed, the unavailability of a stable government can result in wars which consequently lea to the wastage of the national resources such as school funding (Giddens & Sutton, 2014). The ununiform distribution of education resources is, in this case, a revelation of the disparity and inequality. Some of the students would still have access to education due to their stable governments and available resources. Social structure is a factor that affects the equality of the community or the society. Some region has conducive and benefiting society structure. Structures that enable the people to promote and achieve their dream. In this case, one would compare the social structure in the United States and a country such as Somalia. These are both countries however they are wide apart on the societal structure. The United States is based on enabling its people to prosper and giving them a chance to. Providing the people with opportunities to access education and develop their education. The people are also equipped with the secure environment where they can build and invest in their businesses. On the other hand, however, Somalia has a weak social structure. The country is inhabited by the terrorist who continually attacks other regions. This resulted in the area being infested by military personnel limiting the access to the different resource for the people (Gough & Wood, 2004). The development of such a country is therefore lowered and consequently is the e...
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