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Decision making models (Essay Sample)


This paper focuses on decision making models and their relevance public policy

Decision making is considered as the basic activity of any public administration. Therefore, the underlying discussion of the rational versus incremental models of the policy making is normally perceived as a debate above the corresponding different political systems and values. Rational decision making possesses a centralizing bias whilst incrementalism tends to favor archetypal and corresponding pluralist decision making. Moreover, the rational model does not favor representative of any society contribution whereas incrementalism relies on the prevalent of the popular contribution in regard to the decision making. Despite their underlying many differences both techniques can either function well or fail contingent on the prevailing circumstance that they are applied. Rational model mainly aimed at maximizing efficiency and corresponding net value accomplishment that is the prevailing value of the underlying society is known and sacrifice of value is demanded by a policy is normally compensated for by the corresponding attainment of other existing values.
Rational comprehensive model mainly emphasizes on the need for rationality in regard to decision making. It introduces rationality via reduction of underlying of options and values that ought to be taken into consideration. This is normally undertaken to assure managers knowledge and offering adequate information for the process. Moreover, specialization restricts the underlying range of options and values through limiting jurisdictional authority thus granting distinct definition of prevailing authority. Formalization restricts underlying choices by specifying fundamental factors and information to be considered in the decision making process thereby narrowing discretion. Advantage demands mainly seek to assure that the prevailing managers are able to make rational decisions that is unclouded by the corresponding partisan politics thus administrators ought to have detailed information coupled with procedural expertise. Rational comprehensive model aids in determination of the objectives via taking into consideration the probable ways to accomplish those objectives by choosing the best option. Nevertheless, this approach frequently does not define the underlying equitable and corresponding public interest. Rational comprehensive model in regard to the Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act of 2009 did not take into consideration equitable and public interest that is the expansion of the community and secluded insurance coverage and eradication of the underlying costs of the healthcare for individuals and the government. Moreover, the numerous mechanisms such as subsidies and corresponding insurance exchanges is not evenly distributed among the citizens.
Therefore, rational comprehensive model normally assumes some extent of universality that might not necessarily exist. Moreover, the objectives are cumbersome in case the political support for a particular program originates with a corresponding coalition of different interests. This may make it to be unrealistic granted underlying time constraints for the prevailing public administrators in considering probable ways and weigh in regard to efficiency, economy and usefulness. Rational comprehensive model is also too abstract thus normally produce unrealistic decisions in practice. Conversely, incremental model of decision making is mainly based on the political approach to the underlying public administration. It mainly emphasizes on the in-depth requirement for the public administrators to be responsive to the corresponding political community and majorly foster for the claims that suit the underlying public sector of US since it operates in terms of incremental method. The main objective of this model is frequently defined by the command of broadest political support coupled with incremental advancement made gradually and incrementally. Moreover, much emphasis is normally placed on the prevailing authority of the non-expert; political administrators to power and the corresponding exert pressure on the public administrators. Incremental model involves steps such as redefinition of the ends, arriving at the consensus and then making reasonable decisions. Redefining of the underlying ends entails adjustment of the objectives in light of the political realities. Whilst reasonable level of consensus ought to be arrived at since it is the best test of the policy. The satisfactory decision of incremental model is normally sough...
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