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2 pages/≈550 words
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MLA
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Social Sciences
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English (U.S.)
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Ethnocentrism (Essay Sample)

Instructions:

This is a two page paper that discusses two different questions. The first question dwells on what ethnocentrism is and how it manifests itself in our contemporary world. It also discusses the positive and negative consequences of the attitude of ethnocentrism. The second question discusses the rise and fall of the Roman Empire and the lessons Americans can learn from this empire.

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Content:
Summary
This is a two page paper that discusses two different questions. The first question dwells on what ethnocentrism is and how it manifests itself in our contemporary world. It also discusses the positive and negative consequences of the attitude of ethnocentrism. The second question discusses the rise and fall of the Roman Empire and the lessons Americans can learn from this empire. The paper also looks how the statement, “The same conditions always produce the same results." connects to the rise, achievement, and fall of Rome and for civilizations today. The paper relies on no sources and is in MLA format.
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[Date of Submission]
Ethnocentrism in the Contemporary World
Ethnocentrism is defined as humans judging other cultures, by exclusively using standards and values of their own culture. Ethnocentrism makes most individuals to prefer their culture, which they assume is superior to any other. It is also leads to generalized contempt towards other people, who are considered different due to their cultural disposition. Ethnocentrism might be manifested in superiority attitudes or at times in hostility. It is expressed in discrimination, verbal aggressiveness, proselytizing and violence. Ethnocentrism attitude presumes that an individual culture can be utilized in evaluating, gauging and criticizing the behaviors of other cultures.
Ethnocentrism is manifested in many areas of today’s contemporary world. The Americans and Christians assume that the monogamous type of marriage, whereby one man marries one woman is the most normal and ideal type of marriage. These two view other forms of marriage such as polygamous as immoral, inferior, savage or abnormal. In America, there are laws such as those against bigamy that protect monogamous marriages.
In the African, Indian and African American cultures, fair skinned women have been presumed to be more beautiful than their dark skinned counterparts. The media and entertainment industries help in fuelling this concept since most African American, black and Indian female celebrities are fair skinned. The covers of fashion magazines and product advertisement on television and billboards are graced by fair skinned women. Most dark skinned women have ended up using skin lighteners to make their skins fairer and look beautiful.
Ethnocentrism is manifested in religion as Christians view everyone who does not believe in the ethics and morals of the religion with prejudice. The Muslims are devotees of Allah and view everyone who does not believe in the tenets of this faith with suspicion and deem them as inferior.
Ethnocentrism positive definition is individuals feel that their culture should be preferred by other people. This depicts the positive feelings people have towards their culture and this gives them a sense of group identity and position in history. People are filled with a sense of pride towards their culture and celebrate it due to ethnocentrism. Ethnocentrism can become negative if one assumes that their culture is superior and it becomes the standard gauge to judge other peoples cultures. An example is what happened during colonization, when British explorers assumed that their culture was superior and they needed to civilize the barbaric individuals they found in the colonies.
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