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EEE 304 Engineering Lab Report 3: Linear Feedback (Lab Report Sample)


Lab Report

EEE 304 Lab Exercise 3: Linear Feedback
In order to control the output of a system accurately and reliably, a control system is required. Without a controller, the system may drift or become unstable. Take the example of a car, where your foot is on the pedal and not making adjustments. If you enter a downward slope, the car may speed up; that could be dangerous! Closing the loop with a controller on the car, exactly what a cruise control does, will help keep the speed steady. This is an example where closed-loop control can help get rid of disturbances due to unmodeled dynamics.
In another example, consider a pendulum with one end attached to a motor. In order to keep the pendulum upright many fast and accurate adjustments must be made. If a human operator attempts to do this and the pendulum rod is too short, the pendulum will fall from its upright position. A closed-loop controller with fast dynamics can however be able to stabilize the pendulum in the upright position. This is an example where an “unstable” plant is stabilized via closed loop control. What about disturbances? If you tap the pendulum gently it may even reject that disturbance and manage to stay upright!
The above two examples serve as a brief introduction to the world of closed-loop control and why it is necessary in automation. You should get familiar with the basic concepts of linear feedback control systems from lectures, and this manual will not focus on teaching, rather on assignments. Any MATLAB command you may not have been introduced to in the previous labs will be provided. You are to complete all exercises and produce their results as asked in your reports.
EEE304 Lab 3 Answer Sheet
Name: Date:
Lab Description
Write a paragraph explaining what you have learned from this lab exercise.
Task 1
For the control system shown in Fig. 1,
Figure 1. A closed loop control system with disturbance
* P(s) is the transfer function of the plant
* C(s) is the transfer function of the controller
* r is the reference signal
* e is the error signal
* u is the output signal from the controller
* d is the disturbance signal
* y is the ...
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