Sign In
Not register? Register Now!
You are here: HomeLab ReportLiterature & Language
1 page/≈550 words
3 Sources
Literature & Language
Lab Report
English (U.S.)
MS Word
Total cost:
$ 7.2

On-tree fruit monitoring system using IoT and image analysis (Lab Report Sample)


On-tree fruit monitoring is an important practice for providing the exact status of the fruits on the farm in terms of quality, quantity, and degree of maturity. On a large farm, it is difficult to manually inspect each tree in order to learn about the fruits. Again, manual inspection is time-consuming, labor-intensive, and inaccurate. Image processing and IoT are advanced techniques used in a variety of fields. Image processing is used in agriculture to diagnose crop diseases. The IoT-based system can remotely monitor the condition of the field using sensors.


On-tree fruit monitoring system using IoT and image analysis
Institutional Affiliation
1. Introduction Present civilization has an extreme urgency of innovation in the field of food production, storage, and distribution to solve hunger problems that still afflict several parts of the world. Food production is rapidly growing with the help of science and technology due to increased demand. However, there is a large disparity between the different countries where there are constant food shortages and some other countries where food is wasted at an alarming rate [1]. Despite the differences, all societies have a common need for better methods of preventing unnecessary food spoilage. Also, the global food market has a higher than ever demand to deliver fresher, higher quality food at a reasonable cost [2]. With a global population of 7.6 billion producing over 1.3 billion tonnes of food wastage, and a projected population of 9.6 billion by 2050 [3], current food processing practices and technologies must be assessed and improved. Fruits and vegetables are living biological bodies, having a respiratory system that continues during their living processes and even after harvest. By respiration, fruits and vegetables take in oxygen and give out carbon dioxide. Therefore, the handling and packaging of fruits are key toward maintaining their freshness until they reach the consumer’s table. One of the major sources of premature spoilage in perishable fruits is during transport and storage. This is a key issue for fresh fruits, which gets very little quality monitoring after it has been harvested, treated, and packed. Fruits are necessary parts of the human diet, as they contain vitamins, minerals, antioxidants, fiber, and many other essential nutrients [4]. Most countries suggest daily servings of fruits and vegetables in their dietary recommendation guides, emphasizing the importance of accessibility tothe Canadian young men hit the military service age and this prompted majority of them to join the military hence depriving the society of their productivity, and this pushed women to work, which in return affected the long term gender roles, equality, and the entirety of the family structure.
good quality produce [5]. The health and safety of the consumers are also important factors in the consideration of fruits quality. Many harmful microorganisms can infect fresh produce, especially through poor handling and processing practices. A majority of these pathogens are picked up during transport and storage and due to faulty packaging techniques [6]. Due to the potential severity of these hazards, regulations on fresh fruits are stringent, particularly in the developed countries. Resellers take precautionary measures such as disposing of food that has passed its “best before” date, which the United States Department of Agriculture states is not a true indicator of spoiled food [7]. Products are often still viable after this date, meaning that large amounts of unsold food are unnecessarily discarded [8]. Conventional packaging aims to limit the harmful environmental exposure of fruits and fruit products, but it is often not enough. It is difficult to monitor and retain the peak level of quality during all stages of food processing. In most cases, the fruit may not have warning about problems before it is too late. To address this need in produce processing, along with other food-processing innovations, freshness sensors and smart packaging system for fruit monitoring have emerged. Fruit freshness sensors or indicators can sense and inform the status of a fruit’s quality, such as freshness, ripeness, leak, microbial pathogens, and emitted gases, correlated to the safety of the food being consumed. Therefore, the freshness sensors can be defined as the on-package sensors or indicators that can sense the freshness of the food associated to the environment inside or outside of the package and advise about the quality and safety of the food [9]. On the other hand, smart packaging systems offer methods for both passive and active packaging solutions. Embedded with sensor technology that can detect changes in fruits’ health and environmental conditions that impact quality, intelligent packaging allows for the use of real-time monitoring until the product is delivered to the customer. In fact, smart packaging systems can be further applied to create response systems that can mitigate spoilage conditions and prolong the shelf-life of perishable items. While still in its early stages, the numerous opportunities for the applications of smart packaging technology in spoilage prevention for fruits is a key motivator for further research and development [2]. There have been many studies on the use of freshness sensors and smart packaging systems in food and beverage industries [6], as well as their applications in water quality monitoring [10–12]. A few studies also focused on freshness monitoring and controlled packaging of meat and animal products [4,9,13]. However, there has been very limited studies that focused on the freshness monitoring and sensing of fruits and fruit products. In fact, many of these studies focused on the freshness of produces [14–17], with less attention to fruits and fruit products. The high spoilage rate of fruits and the increased instances of diseases outbreaks related to fruits demands a comprehensive study on the state-of-the-art technologies and future research trends on freshness monitoring and smart packaging of fruits inside a package. Freshness sensors and smart packaging systems for fruit monitoring can also have great potential in terms of the presence of emerging contaminants such as plastic micropollutants migrating from the plastic packages [18]. Also, a comprehensive review on the freshness sensors and smart systems technologies for fruits monitoring will illustrate current challenges and outlook for the technology roadmaps towards the possibility of further commercial use of smart packaging in the fruits packaging industry.
Challenges and Prospects Current smart packaging technolog

Get the Whole Paper!
Not exactly what you need?
Do you need a custom essay? Order right now:

Other Topics:

  • Le Chatelier’s Principle, Chemical Equations and Chemical Equilibrium
    Description: You MUST watch this video. For this lab, you will be following the scientist run multiple reactions. He goes step by step just like in your procedure. You will write observations for each step on a separate sheet of paper. Your observations should include what each reagent looked like before the reaction took...
    1 page/≈275 words| 1 Source | APA | Literature & Language | Lab Report |
  • Conducting a Laboratory Experiment Involving the Acidity Level
    Description: Experiment #5: You need to watch this video in order to record the color of the solutions AFTER the indicator is added. Once you have observed the color of the solution, you will then estimate the pH using the chart in the video. Video: Part I – Household Acids and Base...
    1 page/≈550 words| 5 Sources | APA | Literature & Language | Lab Report |
  • Catechol Oxidase Enzyme Lab Report
    Description: Enzymes play a very crucial role in the life of organisms. They catalyze reactions by making them occur under a short period of time. The properties of enzymes are that they only facilitate specific types of substrates and operate within a specific compartment. The enzyme catechol oxidase. ...
    5 pages/≈1375 words| 2 Sources | APA | Literature & Language | Lab Report |
Need a Custom Essay Written?
First time 15% Discount!